The article analyses the structural changes that took place and are ongoing in the Italian system of collective bargaining under the effects of the economic crisis and institutional dynamism of the government. The A. starts from the peculiar character of the Italian model of industrial relations, based on the enhancement of collective autonomy and on two levels of collective bargaining, to explain the difficulties and tensions which the model undergoes by virtue of the combined pressure of competitive markets and public action, aimed at promoting a decentralized negotiation to derogate from legal standards and limits laid down by multiemployer agreements. The tendency, common to many European countries, has been softened in Italy by the great inter-confederation agreements on new rules of representation in the workplace and of measurement of the representativeness of trade unions, for the purpose of stipulating collective agreements with erga omnes effects. The redefinition of the levels of collective bargaining and their respective powers, in particular as regard pay, could complete the process of reform, while avoiding a law on the minimum wage and collective bargaining, which would break with the Italian tradition of abstention of the law on the field of industrial relations.
Keywords: Collective bargaining; Collective autonomy; Law; Representation in the workplace; Measurement of the representativeness of trade unions; Multiemployer agreements; Company agreements; Local agreements; Block of collective bargaining in the public sector.