The Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, led to increased international efforts to scale up gender mainstreaming across public policies, including health. From that moment onwards, there was increasing attention on the development of a women’s health agenda and on considering gender as a determinant of health. This was not the case for equality in the decision-making process. Although the international literature emphasizes the importance of the process for the definition of gender-sensitive policies, and despite official documents stressing this point, this issue remains in the shadows. The article aims to offer an approach based on gender to analyse the different health governance assets. The rules to accessing governance bodies and the rules for the composition of interests will be considered as fundamental filters when defining policies and when assessing their effects on gender.
Keywords: Governance sanitaria; genere; sistema sanitario; politiche sanitarie; processo decisionale; network governance