Sectoral collective agreements in Italy: how much they are and why their number increase so much. From 2008 to 2015 the national sectoral collective agreements increased in Italy from 398 to 706 according to the Cnel’s database. This article examines the reasons for this increase. The number of agreements was already high in 2008, because of the dispersion of employers' organisations and the restricted domain of application. The most recent increase was determined by new agreements signed by other groupings of trade unions outside Cgil, Cisl and Uil with long-established employers’ organisations. But the real surprise has been that recent contracting parties are especially new entries, coalitions of associations of business and labour, creating their space in industrial relations. The paper analyses the consequences of this situation, particularly the critical issue of representativeness, for employers’ organisations too. Also policy lines are proposed in order to reverse the trend towards fragmentation. In recent months there have been some good novelty in critical sectors like transports and public administrations.
Keywords: National bargaining; Trade unions; Employers’ associations; Industrial relations; Representativeness; Statutory minimum wage