Click here to download

Can Wittgenstein be called a pragmatist?
Journal Title: PARADIGMI 
Author/s: Danièle Moyal-Sharrock 
Year:  2016 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  19 Pg. 67-85 FullText PDF:  218 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PARA2016-003005
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


When Wittgenstein is called a pragmatist, it is usually with qualification. In this paper, I examine some of the criteria used to relate Wittgenstein to pragmatism (primacy of action, anti-foundationalism, fallibilism), and conclude that inasmuch as Wittgenstein is neither an anti-foundationalist nor a fallibilist, there may not be sufficient grounds to call him a pragmatist. But nothing stands in the way of considering him a full-fledged enactivist.
Keywords: Wittgenstein, Pragmatism, Enactivism, Foundationalism, Fallibilism.

  1. Bouveresse J. (1987). Le “pragmatisme” de Wittgenstein. In: Le Mythe de l’intériorité: Expérience, signification et langage privé chez Wittgenstein. Paris: Minuit: 567-589.
  2. Brandom R. (2002). Pragmatics and pragmatisms. In: Conant J. and Zeglen U., eds. Hilary Putnam: Pragmatism and realism. London: Routledge: 40-58.
  3. Cavell S. (1979). The claim of reason: Wittgenstein, skepticism, morality, and tragedy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. Chauviré C. (2004). Le moment anthropologique de Wittgenstein. Paris: Kimé.
  5. Coliva A. (2010). Moore and Wittgenstein: skepticism, certainty, and common sense. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  6. Conway G. (1989). Wittgenstein on foundations. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.
  7. Currie G. (2000). Imagination, delusion and hallucinations. Mind & Language: Pathologies of Belief, 15, 1: 168-183,, DOI: 10.1111/1468-0017.00128
  8. Davies M. and Colthearth M. (2000). Pathologies of belief. Mind & Language: Pathologies of Belief 15, 1: 1-46,, DOI: 10.1111/1468-0017.00122
  9. Diamond C. (1991). The realistic spirit: Wittgenstein, philosophy, and the mind. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.
  10. Glock H.-J. (2003). Quine and Davidson on logic, thought and reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  11. Hamilton A. (2014). Wittgenstein and ‘On certainty’. London: Routledge.
  12. Hertzberg L (1992). Primitive reactions – Logic or anthropology. Midwest Studies in Philosophy XVII. The Wittgenstein legacy: 24-39,
  13. Hutto D.D. (2013). Enactivism, from a Wittgensteinian point of view. American Philosophical Quarterly, 50, 3 (July 2013): 281-302.
  14. Hutto D.D. (2015). Contentless perceiving: the very idea. In: Campbell M. and O’Sullivan M., eds. Wittgenstein and perception. London: Routledge: 63-83.
  15. Hutto D.D, and Myin E. (2013). Radicalizing enactivism: Basic minds without content. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  16. Johanson A. (1994). Peirce and Wittgenstein’s ‘On certainty’. In: Debrock G. and Hulswit M, eds. Living doubt. Essays concerning the epistemology of C.S. Peirce. Dordrecht: Kluwer: 171-186.
  17. Levi I. (1999). Pragmatism and change of view in pragmatism, ed. by C. Misak. Calgary: University of Calgary Press: 177-201.
  18. Lewis C.L. (1922). A pragmatic conception of the a priori. In: Collected papers, ed. by J.D. Goheen and J.L. Mothershead. Standford, CA: Stanford University Press: 231-239.
  19. Moyal-Sharrock D. (2000). Words as deeds: Wittgenstein’s “spontaneous utterances” and the dissolution of the explanatory gap. Philosophical Psychology, 1, 3 (September 2000): 355-372,, DOI: 10.1080/09515080050128169
  20. Moyal-Sharrock D. (2003). Logic in action: Wittgenstein’s logical pragmatism. Philosophical Investigations, 26, 2: 125-148,, DOI: 10.1111/1467-9205.00291
  21. Moyal-Sharrock D. (2007). Understanding Wittgenstein’s ‘On certainty’. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  22. Moyal-Sharrock D. (2013a). Wittgenstein’s razor: The cutting edge of enactivism. APQ, 50, 3 (July 2013): 263-280.
  23. Moyal-Sharrock D. (2013b). On Coliva’s judgmental hinges. Philosophia (March 2013), 41, 1: 13-25.
  24. Moyal-Sharrock D. (2016). The animal in epistemology: Wittgenstein’s enactivist solution to the problem of regress. In: Hinge epistemology, special issue of the International Journal for the Study of Skepticism, 6: 97-119,
  25. Phillips D.Z. (1988). Faith after foundationalism. London: Routledge.
  26. Pihlström S. (2012). A new look at Wittgenstein and pragmatism. European Journal of Pragmatism & American Philosophy, 4, 12: 9-26.
  27. Pritchard D. (2012). Wittgenstein and the groundlessness of our believing. Synthèse, 189: 255-272.
  28. Putnam H. (1995). Pragmatism: An open question. Oxford: Blackwell.
  29. Rorty R. (1980). Philosophy and the mirror of nature. Oxford: Blackwell.
  30. Young M.W., ed. (1979). The ethnography of Malinowski: The Trobriand Islands 1915-18. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  31. Williams M. (1991). Unnatural doubts: epistemological realism and the basis of scepticism. Oxford, Blackwell.
  32. Williams M. (2005). Why Wittgenstein isn’t a foundationalist. In: Moyal-Sharrock D. and Brenner W., eds. Readings of Wittgenstein’s ‘On certainty’. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan: 47-8.
  33. Wittgenstein L. (1922). Tractatus logico-philosophicus, ed. by D.F. Pears and B.F. McGuinness. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1961 (T).
  34. Wittgenstein L. (1970). Zettel, ed. by G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright. Trans. Anscombe G.E.M., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970 (Z).
  35. Wittgenstein L. (1974). Philosophical grammar, ed. by R. Rhees. Trans. A. Kenny. Oxford: Blackwell (PG).
  36. Wittgenstein L. (1976). Wittgenstein’s lectures on the foundations of mathematics. Cambridge 1939. From the Notes of R.G. Bosanquet, N. Malcolm, R. Rhees, and Y. Smythies, ed. by C. Diamond. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press (LFM).
  37. Wittgenstein L. (1977). On certainty, ed. by G.E.M. Anscombe and von G.H. Wright. Trans. D. Paul and G.E.M Anscombe. Amended 1st ed. Oxford: Blackwell (OC).
  38. Wittgenstein L. (1978). Remarks on the foundations of mathematics, ed. by G.H. von Wright, R. Rhees and G.E.M. Anscombe. Trans. G.E.M. Anscombe. 3rd revised ed. Oxford: Blackwell (RFM).
  39. Wittgenstein L. (1979): Wittgenstein and Vienna Circle. Conversations recorded by Waismann F., ed. by B. McGuinness Oxford: Blackwell (WVC).
  40. Wittgenstein L. (1979). Wittgenstein’s lectures: Cambridge, 1932-1935. From the notes of A. Ambrose and M. MacDonald, ed. by A. Ambrose. Oxford: Blackwell (AWL).
  41. Wittgenstein L. (1980). Remarks on the philosophy of psychology, Vol. I, ed. by G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright. Trans. G.E.M. Anscombe. Oxford: Blackwell. (RPP I).
  42. Wittgenstein L. (1993). Cause and effect: intuitive awareness (1937). In: Klagge J.C. and Nordman A., eds., Philosophical occasions: 1912-1951. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing: 371-426 (CE).
  43. Wittgenstein L. (1997). Philosophical investigations. Trans. G.E.M. Anscombe, 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell (PI).
  44. Wright C. (1985). Facts and certainty. Proceedings of the British Academy, 71: 429-472.
  45. Wright C. (2004). Wittgensteinian certainties. In: McManus D., ed. Wittgenstein and scepticism. London: Routledge: 22-55.

Danièle Moyal-Sharrock, in "PARADIGMI" 3/2016, pp. 67-85, DOI:10.3280/PARA2016-003005

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content