Click here to download

Mindfulness-oriented meditation (mom) in psychological research
Journal Title: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Author/s: Franco Fabbro, Cristiano Crescentini 
Year:  2016 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  16 Pg. 457-472 FullText PDF:  195 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2016-004001
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Mindfulness meditation is the seventh step of the Noble Eightfold Path, a psycho-educational program for liberation from physical and psychic pain and suffering developed over 2,500 years ago by Siddhartha Gautama, an Indian prince known as the Buddha. Mindfulness has been described in "The Great Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness" of Gautama. This form of meditation consists of learning to become aware of the breath, the body and the ability to observe the contents of the mind. The method of mindfulness-oriented meditation (MOM) developed by the authors consists of eight weekly sessions, each involving three parts: the first 30 minutes are devoted to the presentation of a relevant issue for mindfulness; the middle 30 minutes concerns the practice of mindfulness (10 minutes of attention to the breath, 10 minutes of contemplation of the body, 10 minutes of observation of the mind); at the end of the meditation about 60 minutes are dedicated to the discussion of any difficulties and achievements. The MOM training has been employed by the authors in 7 published experimental researches and in 5 other studies currently in progress. After an introductory session on mindfulness meditation and on the MOM method, in the second part of the article we will discuss the main results obtained from the neuropsychological and clinical studies on the effects of mindfulness-oriented meditation.
Keywords: Meditation, mindfulness, neuropsychology, psychopathology

  1. Bareau, A. (1985). En suivant Bouddha [Following Bouddha]. Paris: Philippe Lebaud.
  2. Campanella, F., Crescentini, C., Urgesi, C., & Fabbro, F. (2014). Mindfulness-oriented meditation improves self-related character scales in healthy individuals. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55, 1269-1278.
  3. Carmody, J., Reed, G., Kristeller, J., & Merriam, P. (2008). Mindfulness, spirituality, and health-related symptoms. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64, 393-403.
  4. Cloninger, C.R., Przybeck, T.R., Svrakic, D.M., & Wetzel, R.D. (1994). The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI): A Guide to Its Development and Use. St. Louis, MO: Center for Psychobiology of Personality.
  5. Crescentini, C., Urgesi, C., Campanella, F., Eleopra, R., & Fabbro, F. (2014). Effects of an 8-week meditation program on the implicit and explicit attitudes toward religious/spiritual self-representations. Consciousness and Cognition, 30, 266-280.
  6. Crescentini, C., & Capurso, V. (2015). Mindfulness meditation and explicit and implicit indicators of personality and self-concept changes. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 44.
  7. Crescentini, C., Matiz, A., & Fabbro, F. (2015). Improving personality/character traits in individuals with alcohol dependence: The influence of mindfulness-oriented meditation. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 34, 75-87., DOI: 10.1080/10550887.2014.991657
  8. Crescentini, C., Capurso, V., Furlan, S., & Fabbro, F. (2016). Mindfulness-oriented meditation for primary school children: Effects on attention and psychological well-being. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 805.
  9. Crescentini, C., Chittaro, L., Capurso, V., Sioni, R., & Fabbro, F. (2016). Psychological and physiological responses to stressful situations in immersive virtual reality: differences between users who practice mindfulness meditation and controls. Computers in Human Behavior, 59, 304-316.
  10. De Salzmann, J. (2010). The Reality of Being. Boston: Shambhala.
  11. Deikman, A.J. (1966). Deautomatization and the Mystic Experience. Psychiatry, 29, 324-338.
  12. Fabbro, F. (2010). Neuropsicologia dell’esperienza religiosa. Roma: Astrolabio.
  13. Fabbro, F., & Muratori, F. (2012). La mindfulness: un nuovo approccio psicoterapeutico in età evolutiva. Giornale di Neuropsichiatria dell’Età Evolutiva, 32, 248-259.
  14. Fabbro, F. (2014). Neuroscienze e spiritualità. Roma: Astrolabio.
  15. Fabbro, F., & Crescentini, C. (2014). Facing the experience of pain: a neuropsychological perspective. Physics of Life Reviews, 11, 540-552.
  16. Gnoli, R. (2001). La rivelazione del Buddha. I testi antichi (Volume 1). Milano: Mondadori.
  17. Gombrich, R.C. (2009). What the buddha thought. London: Equinox.
  18. Gombrich, R.C. (2011). How buddhism began. New York: Routledge.
  19. Gunaratana, H. (1991). Mindfulness in plain English. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
  20. Gunaratana, H. (2001). Eight Mindful Steps to Happiness: Walking the Buddha’s Path. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
  21. Hasenkamp, W., Wilson-Mendenhall, C.D., Duncan, E., & Barsalou, L.W. (2012). Mind wandering and attention during focused meditation: A fine-grained temporal analysis of fluctuating cognitive states. Neuroimage, 59, 750–760.
  22. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life. New York: Hyperion Books.
  23. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based intervention in the context: past, present and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 305-331.
  24. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2004). Vivere momento per momento. Milano: Corbaccio.
  25. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2006). Coming to Our Senses: Healing Ourselves and the World Through Mindfulness. New York: Hyperion Books.
  26. Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  27. Kang, Y., Gruber, J., & Gray, J. (2014). Mindfulness: Deautomatization of Cognitive and Emotional Life. In A. Le, C.T. Ngnoumen, & E.J. Langer (Eds.), The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness (pp. 168-185). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  28. Ludwig, D.S., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2008). Mindfulness in medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association, 300, 1350-1352.
  29. Malinowski, P. (2013). Neural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7, 8.
  30. Naranjo, C., & Ornestein, R. (1972). On the Psychology of Meditation. Los Angeles, CA: Viking.
  31. Pezzetta, R.*, Crescentini, C.*, Urgesi, C., & Fabbro, F. (2015). Contributi delle neuroscienze allo studio della meditazione e della spiritualità [Contributions of neuroscience to the study of meditation and spirituality]. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 4, 679-710. *Equal contribution. 
  32. Schacter, D.L., Addis, D.R., & Buckner, R.L. (2007). Remembering the past to imagine the future: the prospective brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 657-661.
  33. Segal, Z.V., Williams, J.M.G., & Teasdale, J.D. (2002). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A New Approach to Preventing Relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
  34. Shapiro, D.H., & Walsh, R.N. (2008). Meditation: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives. Chicago: Aldine Transaction.
  35. Shapiro, S., & Carlson, L. (2009). The art and science of mindfulness. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  36. Tomasino, B., Fregona, S., Skrap, M., & Fabbro, F. (2013). Meditation-related activations are modulated by the practices needed to obtain it and by the expertise: an ALE meta-analysis study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 346.
  37. Tomasino, B., Chiesa, A., & Fabbro, F. (2014). Disentangling the neural mechanisms involved in Hinduism- and Buddhism-related meditations. Brain and Cognition, 90, 32-40.
  38. Tomasino, B., Campanella, F., & Fabbro, F. (2016). Medial orbital gyrus modulation during spatial perspective changes: Pre- vs. post-8 weeks mindfulness meditation. Consciousness and Cognition, 40, 147-158.
  39. Tomasino, B., & Fabbro, F. (2016). Increases in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and decreases the rostral prefrontal cortex activation after-8 weeks of focused attention based mindfulness meditation. Brain and Cognition, 102, 46-54.
  40. U Ba Khin, S. (2001). The Clock of Vipassana Has Struck: A Tribute to the Saintly Life and Legacy of a Lay Master of Vipassana Meditation by Sayagyi U Ba Khin. Denver: Vipassana Dhura.
  41. Urgesi, C., Aglioti, S.M., Skrap, M., & Fabbro, F. (2010). The spiritual brain: selective cortical lesions modulate human self-transcendence. Neuron, 65, 309-319.
  42. Walshe, M. (1987). The Long Discourses of the Buddha. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
  43. Wynne, A. (2009). The origin of buddhist meditation. London: Routledge

Franco Fabbro, Cristiano Crescentini, Mindfulness-oriented meditation (mom) in psychological research in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 4/2016, pp. 457-472, DOI:10.3280/RIP2016-004001

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content