Introduction: In America Latina and Caribbean exist high levels of so called nutritional diseases such as hunger and obesity. The objective is to review the antecedents between nutritional diseases with elements outside the scope of health associated with crop production. Methods: The search focused in nutrition, crop production, food security and sustainability, in Latin America and Chile. Results: A pathway for the management of nutritional diseases it is to consider aspects that influence food all as a whole. Particularly Chile present high obesity levels and are some initiatives for management from the perspective of agriculture and food security. Must be considered economic, social, political, health and sustainability aspects on crops, hunger and obesity should consider the same determinants. Conclusions: Latin America and Chile should develop crops that allow the management of nutritional diseases, generating enough food and care for the environment.
Keywords: Nutrition, food sustainability