The Adriatic region has been divided by conflicting memories for more than half a century. For example there are the memories of the Italians forced to flee from the advancing army of Marshal Tito. These memories are linked to those who choose instead to leave Italy to realize the dream of socialism in Tito’s Yugoslavia. In common they are all victims of an extreme period in history in this borderland region that becomes amplified with the symptoms of the Cold War. The objective of this speech is to reconstruct, through the primary archival and journalistic sources, the events that brought chaos to Italy’s eastern border from 1943 through the initial postwar period, with a particular focus on the city of Monfalcone and the greater region of Istria.