Seventy years after its publication Rousseau e Marx looks as an innovative work that saves the political Marxist theory from its traits of vagueness. In Rousseau e Marx Galvano della Volpe shows how much of Rousseau’s essence is in Marx’s political proposal. The 1956 crisis represents the beginning of a total change of mind in the relationship between socialism and democracy. Democratic freedom consists in the identification of individual merit. The rights guarantees are inalienable horizon of the socialism. Civil freedom finds its full application only in socialist state legality. This essay examines della Volpe’s relationships with pci.
Keywords: libertà civile, merito individuale, legalità socialista, libertà democratica, teoria politica marxista.