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Psyche, brain and heart. Stress pathways in the ischemic heart disease
Journal Title: PNEI REVIEW 
Author/s: Francesco Bottaccioli, Anna Giulia Bottaccioli 
Year:  2017 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  18 Pg. 6-23 FullText PDF:  1243 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PNEI2017-002002
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There is an increasing scientific evidence that physical and mental stress can adversely affect the natural history of ischemic heart disease. The first observations date back to the early 1900s when Russian scientists Obraztsov and Strazhesko (1910) in a medical congress talked of emotional triggers in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction. Acute stressful events such as financial crackdowns, terrorist attacks, and wars are known as triggers of acute heart events, as well as sporting events, celebration festivities, and so on. In this article, we analyze the physiopathological bases of these phenomena by also reviewing the evidence of the effectiveness of stress management and meditative techniques in prevention and care.
Keywords: Stress, ischemic heart disease, brain-heart axis, meditation, heart as endocrine gland, cardiac immune system.

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Francesco Bottaccioli, Anna Giulia Bottaccioli, Psyche, brain and heart. Stress pathways in the ischemic heart disease in "PNEI REVIEW" 2/2017, pp. 6-23, DOI:10.3280/PNEI2017-002002


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