Drawing on an exploratory analysis which concerned a regional sub-system of the Italian National Health Service (INHS), this article suggests an evaluation of the impacts on health care expenditures that could be attached to the implementation of the new Basic Levels of Care (LEA - Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza). The research focused on the examination of the health and social care services introduced by the Decree of the President of the Italian Council of Ministers (DPCM) dated September 7th 2016. Moreover, first hand data were collected from semi-structured interviews with the main institutional representatives of the Campania regional health sub-system. This study allowed to point out the state of the art of the health care "products" sticking to the new regulatory framework about the Basic Levels of Care. Using ad hoc tailored evaluation models, the economic consequences of the redesign of Basic Levels of Care on the regional subsystem’s sustainability are discussed.
Keywords: Basic Levels of Care, LEA, sustainability, cost-effectiveness, appropriateness, health needs.