The psychological approach to occupational health is described, through the correlates of work with personal and social identity, social status, and psychological well-being. The Authors show how personal well-being is related to the quality of work experience. Work-related stress and burnout are then described as examples of unhealthy consequences of bad working conditions, using the notion of psychosocial risk at work. Research results on stress are presented, showing its psychophysiological correlates, the role of environmental factors, and the process from exposure to risk, coping responses, and stress outcomes, at the individual, interpersonal, and organizational level. Methodological problems concerning stress measures are also commented, as well as the effects of job insecurity. The paper ends by suggesting possible convergences between professionals and researchers in both fields, law and psychology, in order to foster occupational health in every work context.
Keywords: Occupational health; Work-related stress; Burnout; Psychosocial risk; Wellbeing at work; Work conditions.