The dilemma of difference, as critical perspective in the contemporary theory of law, highlights the problematic nature of the legal treatment of difference, especially if it pursues substantive social justice. Given the historical moment we live in, the dilemma of difference is a very topical issue, to the extent to which it embodies the possibility of a critical approach that goes beyond the disapproval of individual normative acts and aims at investigating the structural elements of the legal system. The debates on the difference and the actual implementation of the legal principle of equality, in fact, play a vital role, both within the legal and social sciences, as well as in everyday legal and political practice. Furthermore, they invite to reflect on the contiguity and tension between law, politics, justice and ethics, which characterize today's democratic systems.
Keywords: Difference - Equality - Law - Justice