In contrast with most European countries, in Turkey historiography of the First World War remained underdeveloped for a very long time. The war of 14-18 was overshadowed by the national independence struggle and the establishment of the new republic that followed it. It was only in the 2000s that interest in the Ottoman part in World War I really took off. It is now a flourishing field, in which - due to the increasing use of Ottoman archival resources - the recently appeared studies share one important characteristic: they hand back agency to the Ottomans themselves, who are no longer seen as puppets of the Great Powers.
Keywords: World War I; Ottoman Empire; Turkey; National Independence; Historiography on World War I; Ottoman Archival resources.