The 2030 Agenda requires that each country defines its own strategy by incorporating the SDGs, while taking into account the different national realities, capacities and levels of development, as well as respecting the individual national policies and priorities. Italy has also engaged in this process. The paper offers a deepening on the Italian placement in relation to the objectives of 2030 Agenda with a focus on SDG2 "End hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture". Specifically, it will focus on the assessment of the environmental performance of Italian agriculture according to the set of indicators chosen to monitor progress towards the Agenda 2030 SDGs and with regard to this it will offer some reflections on what the best ways to improve it can be.
Keywords: 2030 Agenda, SDG 2, sustainable agriculture, environmental sustainability, Italian agriculture.