Click here to download

Platform capitalism and the new logics of commodification of places
Journal Title: TERRITORIO 
Author/s: Filippo Celata 
Year:  2018 Issue: 86 Language: Italian 
Pages:  9 Pg. 48-56 FullText PDF:  485 KB
DOI:  10.3280/TR2018-086006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Starting from the case of Civita di Bagnoregio, this article discusses how the diffusion of platforms such as Airbnb or Tripadvisor impacts upon the commodification and turistification of places. The idea is that the digital ecosystem that increasingly mediates our relation with space does not merely substitute the traditional intermediaries and mediators. Digital platforms introduce instead their own logics, which can be fully understood only by looking at their ways of extraction and accumulation of value. The aim of this article is to provide a preliminary and partial map to understand these logics, their spatial effects, and how they translate into dangerous forms of technological, economic and symbolical capture.
Keywords: Platform capitalism; peer-to-peer; tourist imaginaries

  1. Anderson C., 2007, La coda lunga: da un mercato di massa a una massa di mercati. Torino: Codice.
  2. Benkler Y., 2004, «Sharing nicely: on shareable goods and the emergence of sharing as a modality of economic production». Yale Law Journal 114, 2: 273–358, 10.2307/4135731DOI: 10.2307/4135731
  3. Borghi R., Celata F., 2009, Turismo critico: immaginari, performance e paradossi sulle rotte del turismo alternativo. Milano: Unicopli.
  4. Botsman R., Rogers R., 2010, What’s mine is yours. The rise of collaborative consumption. New York: Harper Collins.
  5. Bratton B., 2015, The Stack. On software and sovereignty. Boston: MIT Press.
  6. Celata F., Hendrickson C., Sanna V.S., 2017, «The sharing economy as community marketplace? Trust, reciprocity and belonging in peer-to-peer accommodation platforms». Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 10: 349–363
  7. Celata F., 2017, «La ‘Airbnbificazione’ delle città: gli effetti a Roma tra centro e periferia». -- (accessed on: 2018.11.24).
  8. Choudary P.S., 2015, Platform Scale: How an emerging business model helps startups build large empires with minimum investment. Boston: Platform Thinking Labs.
  9. Dodge M., Kitchin R., 2004, «Flying through code/space: the real virtuality of air travel». Environment and planning A, 36, 2; 195-211.
  10. Dodge M., Kitchin R., 2005, «Codes of life: Identification codes and the machine-readable world». Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 23, 6: 851-881
  11. Einav L., Farronato C., Levin J., 2016, «Peer-to-peer markets». Annual Review of Economics, 8: 615-635.
  12. Gawer A., 2011, a cura di, Platforms, markets and innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  13. Gillespie T., 2010, «The politics of ‘platforms’». New Media & Society, 12, 3: 347-364
  14. Graham M., Zook M., Boulton A., 2013, «Augmented Reality in Urban Places: contested content and the duplicity of code». Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 38, 3: 464-479
  15. Graham, M., Straumann, R. K., Hogan, B., 2015, «Digital divisions of labor and informational magnetism: Mapping participation in Wikipedia».
  16. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 105, 6: 1158-1178., 10.1080/00045608.2015.1072791DOI: 10.1080/00045608.2015.1072791
  17. Hearn A., 2010, «Structuring feeling: Web 2.0, online ranking and rating, and the digital ‘reputation’ economy». Ephemera, 10, 3/4: 421-438.
  18. Kelley M.J., 2013, «The emergent urban imaginaries of geosocial media». GeoJournal, 78: 181–203.
  19. Kenney M., Zysman J., 2016, «The rise of the platform economy». Issues in Science and Technology, 32, 3: 61.
  20. Kitchin R., 2014, «The real-time city? Big data and smart urbanism». GeoJournal, 79, 1: 1-14.
  21. Langley P., Leyshon A., 2017, «Platform capitalism: the intermediation and capitalisation of digital economic circulation». Finance and society 3, 1: 11-31.
  22. Leszczynski A., 2015, «Spatial media/tion». Progress in Human Geography, 39, 6: 729-751., 10.1177/0309132514558443DOI: 10.1177/0309132514558443
  23. Mezzadra S., Neilson B., 2017, «On the multiple frontiers of extraction: excavating contemporary capitalism». Cultural Studies, 31, 2-3: 185-204., 10.1080/09502386.2017.1303425DOI: 10.1080/09502386.2017.1303425
  24. Minca C., Oakes T., 2006, Travels in Paradox. Remapping Tourism. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.
  25. O’Neil C., 2016, Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequalities and Threatens Democracy. New York: Broadway Books.
  26. Pariser E., 2011, The filter bubble: What the Internet is hiding from you. London: Penguin.
  27. Pasquinelli M., 2009, «L’algoritmo PageRank di Google: diagramma del capitalismo cognitivo e rentier dell’intelletto comune». In: Chicchi F., Roggero G. (a cura di), Sociologia del lavoro. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  28. Picascia S., Romano A., Teobaldi M., 2017, The airification of cities: making sense of the impact of peer to peer short term letting on urban functions and economy. -- (accessed on: 2018.11.24).
  29. Roelofsen M., Minca C., 2018, «The Superhost. Biopolitics, home and community in the Airbnb dream-world of global hospitality». Geoforum, 91: 170-181.
  30. Ronzhyn, A., 2013, «Online identity: constructing interpersonal trust and openness through participating in hospitality social networks». The Journal of Education Culture and Society, 1: 47-56.
  31. Schor J.B., Fitzmaurice C.J., 2015, «Collaborating and Connecting: The emergence of the sharing economy». In: Reisch L., Thogersen J., Handbook on Research on Sustainable Consumption. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar., 10.4337/9781783471270.00039DOI: 10.4337/9781783471270.00039
  32. Srnicek N., 2016, Platform capitalism. London: Polity.
  33. Terranova T., 2000, «Free Labor: Producing Culture for the Digital Economy ». Social Text 18, 2: 33–58., 10.1215/01642472-18-2_63-33DOI: 10.1215/01642472-18-2_63-33
  34. Thrift N., French S., 2002, «The automatic production of space». Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 27, 3: 309-335., 10.1111/1475-5661.00057DOI: 10.1111/1475-5661.00057
  35. Turano G., 2017, «Come stanno cambiando le città per colpa di Airbnb». L’Espresso, 13 dicembre.
  36. Urry J., 1995, Lo sguardo del turista. Il tempo libero e il viaggio nelle società contemporanee. Roma: Seam.
  37. Vercellone C., 2007, «From formal subsumption to general intellect: Elements for a Marxist reading of the thesis of cognitive capitalism». Historical materialism, 15, 1: 13-36.
  38. Zook M., Graham M., 2007, «The creative reconstruction of the Internet: Google and the privatization of cyberspace and DigiPlace». Geoforum 38, 6: 1322-1343.
  39. Zukin S., Lindeman S., Hurson L., 2017, «The omnivore’s neighborhood? Online restaurant reviews, race, and gentrification». The Journal of Consumer Culture, 17, 3: 459-479., 10.1177/1469540515611203DOI: 10.1177/1469540515611203

Filippo Celata, Platform capitalism and the new logics of commodification of places in "TERRITORIO" 86/2018, pp. 48-56, DOI:10.3280/TR2018-086006


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content