Click here to download

On the importance of common spaces in housing: social interaction for elderly living
Journal Title: TERRITORIO 
Author/s: António Carvalho 
Year:  2018 Issue: 86 Language: English 
Pages:  10 Pg. 136-145 FullText PDF:  564 KB
DOI:  10.3280/TR2018-086018
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Societies are ageing fast, especially in developed countries, where population is becoming progressively urban. Also, individuals show different functional capacity, with greater differences during adult life and older age, facing progressive health impairments. Therefore, active ageing becomes an essential lifestyle for autonomous senior citizens, whose growing numbers are showing a grey power that will determine public policies, namely on public space and housing. Alvalade neighborhood, in Lisbon, will be analyzed as an urban area whose modernist housing ensembles could allow simple transformations, taking advantage of the existence of common spaces in each building to be used for the common good of its residents. Two case studies of interventions are proposed and explained, towards an elder-friendly environment, including co-housing and intergenerational housing.
Keywords: Housing; elder-friendly; common spaces

  1. Bernard, S.L., Zimmermann, S., Eckert, J.K., 2001, «Aging in Place». In: Zimmerman S., Sloane D., Eckert J.K., (eds.), Assisted Living: needs, practices, and policies in residential care for the elderly. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
  2. Carvalho A., 2010, Residências Assistidas – Projecto de Investigação Qualidade dos Equipamentos Sociais, Outras Formas de Habitar. Lisboa: LNEC.
  3. Carvalho A., Heitor T.V., Reis Cabrita A., 2012, «Ageing cities: shifting from special needs to inclusive design in urban space». In: Pinto da Silva M. (ed.), EURAU 12: Public Space and Contemporary City, European Symposium on Research in Architecture and Urban Design. Porto, 12-15 Setembro 2012. Porto: FAUP.
  4. Carvalho, A., 2013, Habitação para idosos em Lisboa: de colectiva a assistida. O caso de Alvalade. PhD thesis. Lisboa: Instituto Superior Técnico da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa.
  5. Dischinger M., Ely V.B., Piardi S.G., 2009, Promovendo acessibilidade espacial nos edifícios públicos: programa de acessibilidade às pessoas com deficiência ou mobilidade reduzida nas edificações de uso público. Florianápolis: s.n. Fundação para o Desenvolvimento Social do Porto, 2012, Regulamento do Programa Aconchego. -- www.bonjoia.org/files/Regulamento_Aconchego.pdf (accessed on: 2012.07.24).
  6. Gonçalves C., Carrilho M.J., 2007, «Envelhecimento crescente mas espacialmente desigual». Revista de estudos demográficos, 40: 21-37.
  7. Hanson J., 2001, «From Sheltered Housing to Lifetime Homes: an inclusive approach to housing». In: Winters S. (ed.), Lifetime Housing in Europe. Leuven: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
  8. Hanson J., 2002, «The Inclusive City: what active ageing might mean for urban design». In: Maltby T., Littlechild R., La Fontaine J., Hunter S., Branelly P. (eds.), Active Ageing: myth or reality. Proceedings of the British Society of Gerontology 31st Annual Conference. Birmingham: University of Birmingham.
  9. Hanson, J., 2004, «The inclusive city: delivering a more accessible urban environment through inclusive design». In: (Proceedings), Responding to Change. rics Cobra 2004 International Construction Conference. York.
  10. Hillier B., Hanson J., 1984, The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  11. Huber A., 2008, dir., New Approaches to Housing for the Second Half of Life. Basel: eth-Birkhauser.
  12. Jacobs J., 1992. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Vintage Books, or. ed. 1961.
  13. Pastalan L., 1990, dir., Aging in Place: The Role of Housing and Social Supports. New York: Haworth Press. Perry C., 1929. The Neighborhood Unit. New York: Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, 1974. -- http://codesproject.asu.edu/node/11 (accessed on 2012.01.10).
  14. Pynoos J., Hamburger L., June A., 1990, «Supportive relationships in shared housing». Journal of housing for the elderly, 6: 1-24.
  15. Regnier V., 1994, Assisted Living Housing for the Elderly: design innovations from the United States and Europe. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  16. Regnier V., Scott A., 2001, «Creating a Therapeutic Environment: Lessons from Northern European Models». In: Zimmerman S., Sloane D., Eckert J.K. (eds.), Assisted Living: needs, practices, and policies in residential care for the elderly. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press. who-World Health Organization, 2007, Global age-friendly cities: a guide. Geneva: who Press.
  17. un-United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2013. World Population Ageing 2013. (st/esa/ser.a/348). New York: United Nations.
  18. un-United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2015. World Population Ageing 2015. (st/esa/ser.a/390). New York: United Nations.
  19. un-United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2017. World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, Key Findings and Advance Tables. Working Paper No. esa/p/wp/248. New York: United Nations.

António Carvalho, in "TERRITORIO" 86/2018, pp. 136-145, DOI:10.3280/TR2018-086018

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content