The contribution, after recalling the general regulation of health and safety at work laid down by Italian Legislative Decree no. 81/2008, examines the occupa-tional transformations related to this topic (types of contract, workers’ age). In particular the author highlights the innovations related to technological evolution and digitisation. Smart working and crowd working are under rapid expansion. On crowd working is difficult to apply the traditional categories of labour laws (em-ployer/worker; self employed/employees). It requires drawing up a new system of safeguards, under which even the collective representation of new forms of work can find specific recognition with regard to health and safety.
Keywords: Health and safety; digitisation; smart working; crowd working; rid-ers.