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Género, estrés laboral y salud en España
Titolo Rivista: SICUREZZA E SCIENZE SOCIALI 
Autori/Curatori: Maria del Pilar Socorro Matud-Aznar, David Cobos-Sanchiz, Ligia Sánchez-Tovar 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: 3 Organizzazioni, innovazione e sicurezza sul lavoro Lingua: Spagnolo 
Numero pagine:  14 P. 151-164 Dimensione file:  167 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SISS2018-003011
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Le trasformazioni sociali degli ultimi anni, che hanno influenzato in modo importante l’area lavorativa, possono essere una ingente fonte di stress per i lavoratori. Il presente studio ha due obiettivi: conoscere se c'è differenza di genere per quanto concerne la relazione tra stress da lavorolavoro e le condizioni di salutare e il benessere delle donne e degli uomini. Si sono riscontrate differenze statisticamente significative tra uomini e donne nei cambiamenti lavorativi sperimentati durante l'ultimo anno, maggiore negli uomini. Analizzando l'associazione tra lo stress lavorativo e la salute delle donne e degli uomini, si è riscontrato che, nonostante la grandezza delle correlazioni non fosse alta e variata tra tipo di stress di lavoro e l'indicatore di salute considerato, le persone lavoratrici con maggior stress lavorativo registravano un minor livello di salute, maggior sintomatología mentale, autostima più bassa, minor soddisfazione rispetto alla vita e minor benessere psicológico.

The social changes of recent years, which have significantly affected the avail-ability of jobs, can be a strong element of stress for working people. The present study has two objectives: to know if there are differences according to gender in work stress, and to analyze the connection between work stress, with the health and well-being of women and men. Statistically significant differences were found between women and men in the labor changes experienced over the last year, which was found to be greater in men. When analyzing the association between work stress and the health of women and men, it was found that, although the magnitude of the correlations was not high, and varied between the type of work stress and the health indicator that was considered, the workers with greater work stress had worse health, greater mental symptoms, lower self-esteem, less satisfaction in general with life, and less psychological well-being.
Keywords: Parole chiave: genere; stress da lavoro; salute; benessere psicologico

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Maria del Pilar Socorro Matud-Aznar, David Cobos-Sanchiz, Ligia Sánchez-Tovar, in "SICUREZZA E SCIENZE SOCIALI" 3/2018, pp. 151-164, DOI:10.3280/SISS2018-003011

   

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