This paper argues that royal and non-royal palaces, hunting lodges, and leisure places in the Kingdom of Naples under Bourbon rule made part of an "integrated system" which included the archaeological sites of Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Stabia. On the basis of Charles of Bourbon’s "patrimonial" conception of the ancient artefacts, the absolute ownership of these latter was ascribed to the King. Consequently, they were first guarded in the royal palace of Portici and then moved to the former Palazzo degli Studi, which was adapted to being the Archaeological Museum. As a result of this "integrated system" of royal and archaeological sites, Naples became one of the major cultural capitals in 18th-century Europe.
Keywords: Royal Sites; Archaeological Sites; Integrated System; 18thcentury Naples; European Capital of Culture