Social scenarios have profoundly changed and thus remodelled individual subjectivities. Uncertainty, job insecurity and negative expectations for the future have increased and tend to undermine personal well-being, creating a general atmosphere of instability. Furthermore, the digital revolution has transformed reality into a kaleidoscopic and instantaneous succession of events difficult to cognitively process. In such a transient and unstable life context, positive psychology helps individuals to regain personal well-being, through a cognitive approach. In other words, in the contemporary world, where certainties are few, to mentally build fixed points of reference - through a positive vision of oneself, others and reality - constitutes an ideal basis to build a personal feeling of well-being. In order for this to happen, children from the early stages of their life should be educated to cultivate well-being and develop resilience, i.e. an ability to successfully cope with difficult or challenging life experiences. In this educational approach school and family play a decisive role. To be more specific, the school should educate the new generations to develop the necessary qualities to promote personal well-being in relation to others and life context.
Keywords: Childhood and adolescence, well-being, resilience, education