After briefly examining the evolution of the historiographical debate about Italian Fascism’s racial persecution, starting from the turning point at the end of the 1980s, this article analyzes two recent books on this topic, namely Liliana Picciotto’s Salvarsi (Torino, Einaudi,
2017) and Elisa Guida’s La strada di casa (Roma, Viella, 2017). It points out that, despite their differences, both books place survivors and their voices at the center of their attention. The article relates the two volumes both to Italian and international historiographical debates, and argues that the two authors raise interesting questions concerning - among other things - our way of understanding the tragedy of European Jews and its connection to national histories.
Keywords: Holocaust, Survival, Italy