Clicca qui per scaricare

Accounting for the ecosystem services generated by Nature-based Solutions to measure urban resilience. A methodological proposal
Titolo Rivista: ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 
Autori/Curatori: Alessandra La Notte 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 43-61 Dimensione file:  465 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EFE2018-002003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


An ecosystem services-based approach can constitute the analytical basis to develop a multipurpose framework able to identify and assess the multi-benefits generated by nature-based solutions (NBS). An ecosystem services analytical framework goes beyond individual sustainability- related issues and beyond the traditional mono-sectoral view, such as: water and waste management, urban regeneration, transport, energy efficiency in buildings, resilience and climate change in a separate way. All these issues have in fact ecosystem services as a common denominator, but it is not currently possible to synoptically consider the results across different sectoral themes. This paper shows how an ecosystem services framework can link all these sectoral issues and how an accounting frame for ecosystem services can be built. First an ecosystem services classification specifically for the NBS at the local scale for the urban contexts is tailored. Second, an attempt is made to build ecosystem services accounts within the official accounting frames currently developed. Finally, an illustrative example is presented to show how the whole accounting frame work to assess resilience, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and risk management based on the presence (absence) of NBS.


Keywords: Ecosystem services, nature based solutions, ecosystem accounting, urban resilience.
Jel Code: Q56, Q57

  1. Akbari, H., Cartalis, C., Kolokotsa, D., Muscio, A., Pisello, A.L., Rossi, F., Santamouris, M., Synnefa, A., Wong, N.H., Zinzi, M. (2016). Local climate change and urban heat island mitigation techniques – the state of the art. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 22(1): 1-16., 10.3846/13923730.2015.1111934DOI: 10.3846/13923730.2015.1111934
  2. Baró, F., Haase, D., Gómez‐Baggethun, E., Frantzeskaki, N. (2015). Mismatches between ecosystem services supply and demand in urban areas: A quantitative assessment in five European cities. Ecological Indicators, 55: 146-158.
  3. Barton, D. (2017). Experimental ecosystem accounting in the Oslo Region. Urban EEA Technical Brief 2017-1.
  4. Boerema, A., Rebelo, A.J., Bodi, M.B., Esler, K.J., Meire, P. (2016). Are ecosystem services adequately quantified? Journal of Applied Ecology., 10.1111/1365-2664.12696DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12696
  5. Bolund, P., Hunhammar, S. (1999). Ecosystem services in urban areas. Ecological Economics, 29: 293-301.
  6. Carter, J.G. (2011). Climate change adaptation in European cities. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain. 3: 193‐198.
  7. CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). 2014. Ecosystem services and resilience framework. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). 46p., 10.5337/2014.229DOI: 10.5337/2014.229
  8. Davies, Z.G., Edmondson, J.L., Heinemeyer, A., Leake, J.R., Gaston, K.J. (2011). Mapping an urban ecosystem service: Quantifying above‐ground carbon storage at a city‐wide scale. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48(5): 1125-1134.
  9. European Commission (2015). Towards an EU Research and Innovation policy agenda for Nature-Based Solutions & Re-Naturing Cities. Final Report of the Horizon 2020 Expert Group on ‘Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities’. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
  10. European Commission (2016). Report on phase 1 of the knowledge innovation project on an integrated system of natural capital and ecosystem services accounting in the EU (KIPINCA Phase 1 report).
  11. Folke, C., Jansson, A., Larsson, J., Costanza, R. (1997). Ecosystem appropriation by cities. Ambio, 26: 167-172.
  12. Gómez-Baggethun, E., Barton, D.N. (2013). Classifying and valuing ecosystem services for urban planning. Ecological Economics, 86(C): 235-245.
  13. Gómez-Baggethun, E., Gren, Å., Barton, D.N., Langemeyer, J., McPhearson, T., O’Farrell, P., Andersson, E., Hamstead, Z., Kremer, P. (2013). Urban Ecosystem Services. In: T. Elmqvist et al. (eds.). Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment.
  14. Häyhä, T., Franzese, P.P. (2014). Ecosystem services assessment: A review under an ecological-economic and systems perspective. Ecological Modelling, 289: 124-132.
  15. Horvath, P., Barton, D.N., Hauglin, E.A., Ellefsen, H.W. (2017). Blue-Green Factor (BGF) mapping in QGIS. User Guide and Documentation – NINA Report 1445 [s.46].
  16. Joshi, S.V., Ghosh, S. (2014). On the air cleansing efficiency of an extended green wall: A CFD analysis of mechanistic details of transport processes. J. Theor. Biol., 361: 101-110.
  17. La Notte, A., Vallecillo Rodriguez, S., Polce, C., Zulian, G., Maes, J. (2017a). Implementing an EU system of accounting for ecosystems and their services. Initial proposals for the implementation of ecosystem services accounts (Report under phase 2 of the knowledge innovation project on an integrated system of natural capital and ecosystem services accounting in the EU). Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2017. JRC107150.
  18. La Notte, A., D’Amato, D., Mäkinen, H., Paracchini, M.L., Liquete, C., Egoh, B., Geneletti, D., Crossman, N.D. (2017b). Ecosystem services classification: A systems ecology perspective of the cascade framework. Ecological Indicators, 74: 392-402.
  19. La Notte, A., Marques, A. (2017c). The role of enabling actors in ecosystem service accounting. One Ecosystem 2.
  20. La Notte, A., Dalmazzone, S. (2018). Sustainability assessment and causality nexus through ecosystem service accounting: The case of water purification in Europe. Journal of Environmental Management, 223: 964-974.
  21. La Notte, A., Vallecillo, S., Maes, J. (2019a). Capacity as “virtual stock” in ecosystem accounting. Ecological Indicators, 98: 158-163.
  22. La Notte, A., Vallecillo, S., Marques, A., Maes, J. (2019b). Beyond the economic boundaries to account for ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services, 35: 116-129.
  23. Li, Y., Babcock, R.W. (2014). Green roofs against pollution and climate change: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Developmnet, 34(4): 695-705.
  24. Maes, J., Zulian, G., Thijssen, M., Castell, C., Baró, F., Ferreira, A.M., Melo, J., Garrett, C.P., David, N., Alzetta, C., Geneletti, D. et al. (2016). Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services. Urban Ecosystems. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  25. Maes, J., Zulian, G., Thijssen, M. (2017). Enhancing Resilience of Urban Ecosystems through Green Infrastructure (EnRoute) Inception report, EUR 28653 EN. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  26. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.
  27. Park, S.E., Howden, S.M., Crimp, S.J., Gaydon, D.S., Attwood, S.J., Kokic, P.N. (2010). More than eco-efficiency is required to improve food security. Crop science, 50(1): 132-141.
  28. Pataki, D.E., Alig, R.J., Fung, A.S., Golubiewski, E., Kennedy, C.A., Al., E. (2006). Urban ecosystems and the North American carbon cycle. Glob. Chang. Biol., 12: 1-11.
  29. Science for Environment Policy (2017). Taking stock: progress in natural capital accounting, In-depth Report 16 produced for the European Commission. DG Environment by the Science Communication Unit, UWE, Bristol.
  30. Sieber, J., Pons, M. (2015). Assessment of Urban Ecosystem Services using Ecosystem Services Reviews and GIS-based Tools. Procedia Engineering, 115: 53-60.
  31. TEEB – The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity, 2011. TEEB Manual for Cities: Ecosystem Services in Urban Management. -- www.teebweb.org.
  32. United Nations, European Commission, Food and Agriculture Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the World Bank, 2014. System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012: Experimental Ecosystem Accounting – final, official publication.
  33. United Nations (2017). Technical Recommendations in support of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012 – Experimental Ecosystem Accounting, New York, p. 192.
  34. Vallecillo, S., La Notte, A., Polce, C., Zulian, G., Alexandris, N., Ferrini, S., Maes, J. (2018). Ecosystem services accounting: Part I - Outdoor recreation and crop pollination, EUR 29024 EN; Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018.
  35. WWF (2013). Urban solutions for a living planet – Learning cases. Stockholm, Sweden.
  36. Zölch, T., Henze, L., Keilholz, P., Pauleit, S. (2017). Regulating urban surface runoff through nature-based solutions – An assessment at the micro-scale. Environ Res. Aug, 157: 135-144.
  37. Zulian, G., Stange, E., Woods, H., Carvalho, L., Dick, J., Andrews, C., Baró, F., Vizcaino, P., Barton, D.N., Nowel, M., Rusch, G.M., Autunes, P., Fernandes, J., Ferraz, D., Ferreira dos Santos, R., Aszalós, R., Arany, I., Czúcz, B., Priess, J.R., Hoyer, C., Bürger-Patricio, G., Lapola, D., Mederly, P., Halabuk, A., Bezak, P., Kopperoinen, L., Viinikka, A. (2018). Practical application of spatial ecosystem service models to aid decision support. Ecosystem Services, 29, Part C: 465-480.

Alessandra La Notte, in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 2/2018, pp. 43-61, DOI:10.3280/EFE2018-002003

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche