Insects and waste reduction: legal limits for substrates, species and purposes

Titolo Rivista: AGRICOLTURA ISTITUZIONI MERCATI
Autori/Curatori: Valeria Paganizza
Anno di pubblicazione: 2017 Fascicolo: 1 Lingua: Italiano
Numero pagine: 16 P. 17-32 Dimensione file: 51 KB
DOI: 10.3280/AIM2017-001002
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più clicca qui

Qui sotto puoi vedere in anteprima la prima pagina di questo articolo.

Se questo articolo ti interessa, lo puoi acquistare (e scaricare in formato pdf) seguendo le facili indicazioni per acquistare il download credit.
Acquista Download Credits per scaricare questo Articolo in formato PDF

anteprima articolo

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA)associazione indipendente e non profit per facilitare (attraverso i servizi tecnologici implementati da CrossRef.org) l’accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche

Expo 2015 brought to the global attention some strategies that could contribute to ensuring a sustainable food production for a population that is constantly growing. The use of insects as food is one of the ideas which gained major consideration; nevertheless feed will probably be the sector where insects as protein alternative could most efficiently prove their potential. Moreover some species showed the ability to quickly digest organic leftovers and waste while transforming them into compost for agronomic purposes and to be split to obtain biomaterials to be used in several sectors. Abstractly insects farming could be the hypothetical phase of a circular economy closed circle, both for farms and industries working, for instance, in the vegetable processing. Concretely, however, the full implementation of such techniques is still facing legal obstacles, as for substrates and farmable spe-cies. After an overview of the state-of-the-art on possible uses of insects with circular economy purposes and of their environmental, social and economical benefits, the paper will focus on the legal limits that hinder their feasibility. The solutions that the article will offer could however be implemented only through a de iure condendo legislative intervention.

  1. Aiking H. (2015), «Food security – What is new?», in Soeters K. (ed.), Meat the future. How Cutting Meat Consumption Can Feed Billions More, N.G. Pierson Foundation, Amsterdam.
  2. Barroso F.G., de Haro C., Sánchez-Muros M.-J., Venegas E., Martínez-Sánchez A., Pérez-Bañón C. (2014), «The potential of various insect species for use as food for fish», Aquaculture, 422-423.
  3. Bequaert J. (1921),«Insect as Food. How they have augmented the food supply of Mankind in early and recent times», Nat. Hist. Journ. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 21.
  4. Blum M.S. (1994), «The Limits of Entomophagy: A Discretionary Gourmand in a World of Toxic Insects», The Food Insects Newsletter, VII, 1.
  5. Bonora G. (2016), «I Novel Foods nel Reg. (UE) n. 2015/2283 e gli insetti: una possibile evoluzione dei costumi alimentari?», Rivista di Diritto Alimentare, 1.
  6. Chen XiaoMing, Feng Ying, Zhang Hong, Chen ZhiYong (2010), «Review of the nutritive value of edible insects», in Durst P.B., Johnson D.V., Leslie R.N., Shono K. (eds.), Forest insects as food: humans bite back. Proceedings of a workshop on Asia-Pacific resources and their potential for development, 19-21 February 2008, Chiang Mai, Thailand. FAO, Bangkok, 2010. -- http://www.fao.org/3/a-i1380e.pdf [28.02.2019].
  7. Chermiack E.P. (2010), «Bugs as Drugs, Part 1: Insects. The “New” Alternative Medicine for the 21st Century?», Alternative Medicine Review, 15. -- http://altmedrev.com/archive/publications/15/2/124.pdf [28.02.2019].
  8. Comby B. (1990), Delicieux insectes – Les proteines du futur, Onex, Geneve.
  9. DeFoliart G.R., -- papers available at http://labs.russell.wisc.edu/insectsasfood/publications/ [28.02.2019].
  10. Dossey A.T., Morales-Ramos J., Guadalupe Rojas M. (eds.) (2016), Insects as Sustainable Food Ingredients. Production, Processing and Food Applications, Elsevier, London, San Diego, Cambridge, Oxford. DOI: 10.1016/C2014-0-03534-4.
  11. Durst P.B., Johnson D.V.R.N., Shono K. (eds.) (2010), Forest insects as food: humans bite back. Proceedings of a workshop on Asia-Pacific resources and their potential for development. 19-21 February 2008, Chiang Mai, Thailand, FAO, Bangkok. -- http://www.fao.org/3/a-i1380e.pdf [28.02.2019].
  12. FAO (2009), How to Feed the World in 2050, -- http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/wsfs/docs/expert_paper/How_to_Feed_the_World_in_2050.pdf [28.02.2019].
  13. FAO (2013), Tackling climate change through livestock. A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities, Rome. -- http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3437e.pdf [28.02.2019].
  14. Hui Ai, Furong Wang, Yuqian Xia, Xiaomin Chen, Chaoliang Lei (2012), «Antioxidant, antifungal and antiviral activities of chitosan from the larvae of housefly, Musca domestica L.», Food Chemistry, 132.
  15. Hui Ai, Furong Wang, Na Zhang, Lingyao Zhang, Chaoliang Lei (2013), «Antiviral, immunomodulatory, and free radical scavening activities of a protein-enriched fraction form the larvae of the housfly, Musca Domestica», Journal of Insect Science, 112, -- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4011367/ [28.02.2019]. DOI: 10.1673/031.013.11201
  16. Hui Ai, Furong Wang, Qiusheng Yang, Fen Zhu, Chaoliang Lei (2008), «Preparation and biological activities of chitosan from the larvae of housefly, Musca domestica», Carbohydrate Polymers, 72.
  17. Kalová M., Borkovcová M. (2013), «Voracious larvae Hermetia illucens and treatment of selected types of biodegradable waste», Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 61.
  18. Lalander C., Diener S., Zurbrügg C., Vinnerås B. (2019), «Effects of feedstock on larval development and process efficiency in waste treatment with black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens)», Journal of Cleaner Production.
  19. Minmin Cai, Shiteng Ma, Ruiqi Hu, Tomberlin J.K., Chan Yu, Yongping Huang, Shuai Zhan, Wu Li, Longyu Zheng, Ziniu Yu, Jibin Zhang (2018), «Systematic characterization and proposed pathway of tetracycline degradation in solid waste treatment by Hermetia illucens with intestinal microbiota», Environmental Pollution, 242.
  20. Oonincx D.G.A.B., van Itterbeeck J., Heetkamp M.J.W., van den Brand H., van Loon J.J.A., van Huis A. (2010), «An Exploration on Greenhouse Gas and Ammonia Production by Insects Species Suitable for Animal or Human Consumption», PLoS ONE, 12.
  21. Paganizza V. (2016), «Eating Insects: Crunching Legal Clues on Entomophagy», Rivista di Diritto Alimentare, 1.
  22. Premalatha M., Tasneem Abbasi, Tabassum Abbasi, Abbasi S.A. (2011), «Energy-efficient food production to reduce global warming and ecodegradation: The use of edible insects», Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15.
  23. Ramos-Elorduy J., Pino Moreno J.M., Escamilla Prado E., Alvarado Perez M., Lagunez Otero J., Ladronde Guevara O. (1997), «Nutritional Value of Edible Insects from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico», Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 10.
  24. Rumpold B.A., Schülter O.K. (2013a), «Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects», Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 57.
  25. Rumpold B.A., Schülter O.K. (2013b), «Potential and challenges of insects as an innovative source for food and feed production», Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 17.
  26. Siew Yoong Leong, Shamsul Rahman Mohamed Kutty, Amirhossein Malakahmad, Chew Khun Tan (2016), «Feasibility study of biodiesel production using lipids of Hermetia illucens larva fed with organic waste», Waste Management, 47, part A.
  27. Spranghers T., Ottoboni M., Klootwijk C., Ovyn A., Deboosere S., De Meulenaer B., Michiels J., Eeckhout M., De Clercq P., De Smet S. (2017), «Nutritional composition of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae reared on different organic waste substrates», Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97.
  28. Van Broekhoven S., Oonincx D.G.A.B., van Huis A., van Loon J.J. (2015), «Growth performance and feed conversion efficiency of three edible mealworm species (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on diets composed of organic by-products», Journal of Insect Physiology, 73.
  29. Van Huis A., Van Gurp H., Dicke M. (eds.) (2012), The Insect Cookbook. Food for a Sustainable Planet, Columbia University Press, New York.
  30. van Zanten H., Mollenhorst H., Oonincx D.G.A.B., Bikker P., Meerburg B.G., de Boer I.J.M. de (2015), «From environmental nuisance to environmental opportunity: housefly larvae convert waste to livestock feed», Journal of Cleaner Production, 102.
  31. Xiaopeng Xiao, Mazza L., Yongqiang Yu, Minmin Cai, Longyu Zheng, Tomberlin J.K., Yu J., van Huis A., Ziniu Yu, Fasulo S., Jibin Zhang (2018), «Efficient co-conversion process of chicken manure into protein feed and organic fertilizer by Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae and functional bacteria», Journal of Environmental Management, 217.
  32. Yi Chen, Akre R.D. (1994), «Ants Used as Food and Medicine in China», The Food Insects Newsletter, VII, 2.

Valeria Paganizza, Insects and waste reduction: legal limits for substrates, species and purposes in "AGRICOLTURA ISTITUZIONI MERCATI " 1/2017, pp 17-32, DOI: 10.3280/AIM2017-001002