The contribution suggests a theoretical-dogmatic revisitation of parents’ constitutional duties and their relation with the principles which characterize the Constitutional law. The Author, in this sense, analyses the contents of each legal situation covered by Article 30 Const. according to the latest law developments, and he stresses the need of a rereading of this provision in conjunction with the articles 2 and 3 Const., aimed at extending the duty of care also to the other sons, born out of wedlock. The Author also submits, referring to other case law, how exercising their duties the parents’ choices must be always oriented towards the principle of the minor’s best interest.
Keywords: Duties; parents; children; maintenance; education; child rearing.