Provincial ambassadors of the Spanish Monarchy and the diplomatic ceremonial After a brief reflection on the sources, the author focuses on the formalities adopted and demanded in the delegations of the local communities at the court of the Spanish monarchs. The text tries to identify the common aspects among these delegations and pays attention to the simultaneity between embassies coming from different territories. Moreover, it proposes the hypothesis of a formal regulation of these practices after the midseventeenth century revolts. If an ambassador of a sovereign had to guarantee the splendor of his lord, the delegations of the cities and local communities gave voice to a complexity of relationships and a plurality of actors. Hence, dealing with different delegations of the same Kingdom was often particularly difficult and it sometimes ended up in inevitable protocollary conflicts between the various local representatives present at court. In conclusion, the author points out the flexibility of the court ceremonial in the managing of delegations that were an important instrument of government for a composite monarchy like that of the Spanish Hapsburgs.
Keywords: Naples; Messina; Michele Cavaniglia duke of San Giovanni; Filippo Cicala; Silvestro Fenga; Luigi Poderico