The paper analyses the impact of Mediterranean Sea warming on some species of small pelagic fish (pesce azzurro) in the Italian fishing industry. In particular, through a time series regression model, the research examines the productivity trend in physical terms of target species of small pelagic fish from 1950 to 2016, considering the Mediterranean Sea Surface Temperatures Anomalies as an indicator of sea warming, and the Western Mediterranean Oscillation index and the North Atlantic Oscillation index as proxies of climatic variability. The research results show an evident link between the reduction of fish availability and sea warming, with potential repercussions on the incomes of the employees in the fishing industry. Our findings provide interesting suggestions and implications on the theoretical, managerial, and political level, providing insights for new researches.
Keywords: Small pelagic fish; Climate change; Jack and horse mackerel; Italian fisheries; Mediterranean Sea.
Jel Code: Q22; Q54
Antonio Tulone, Antonino Galatia, Salvatore Lupo, Salvatore Tinervia, Maria Crescimanno, in "ECONOMIA AGRO-ALIMENTARE" 2/2019, pp. 217-233, DOI:10.3280/ECAG2019-002003