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The social-cultural context of risk evaluation. An exploration of the interplay between cultural models of the social environment and parental control on the risk evaluation expressed by a sample of adolescents
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Claudia Venuleo, Piergiorgio Mossi, Simone Rollo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2019 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  26 P. 28-53 Dimensione file:  297 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2019-003003
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The objective of this study is to analyse the relationship between adolescent evaluation of health risk behaviours and family practices, while accounting for moderating effects of the cul-tural models through which adolescents interpret their social environment. Cultural models, perceived family practices and evaluation of the risk associated to alcohol consumption, drugs use, reckless driving and unprotected sexual behaviours were assessed among 392 adolescents (mean age: 16.88 ± 0.752) recruited in five different Italian high schools of the southern Italy. The findings show that, beside family dimensions (parental knowledge of children’s activities, parental inquiry about children’s activities, family rules on bed time), a component of adolescents’ cultural model - related to evaluation of the micro-social environment - has a direct effect on risk evaluation, stronger than the other variables; another component - related to the evaluation of the macro-social environment - moderates the role of the family dimensions. These results suggest the importance of cultural and social dimensions in the intervention programs.

Lo studio si propone di analizzare la relazione tra la valutazione dei comportamenti a ri-schio per la salute tra gli adolescenti e le pratiche genitoriali tenendo conto degli effetti di mo-derazione dei modelli culturali con cui gli adolescenti interpretano il loro ambiente sociale. In un campione di 392 adolescenti (età media: 16.88 ± 0.752), reclutati in cinque differenti istituti scolastici del Sud Italia, sono stati misurati i modelli culturali, le pratiche genitoriali per-cepite e la valutazione del rischio rispetto ad assunzione di alcol, uso di droghe, guida sperico-lata e comportamenti sessuali non protetti. I risultati mostrano che, oltre alle dimensioni familiari (conoscenza genitoriale delle attività dei figli, supervisione parentale sulle attività dei figli, regole famigliari sul tempo libero), una componente del modello culturale degli adolescenti - la valutazione dell’ambiente micro-sociale - ha un effetto diretto sulla valutazione del rischio, maggiore rispetto alle altre variabili; un’altra componente dei modelli culturali degli adolescenti la valutazione dell’ambiente ma-cro-sociale ha un effetto di moderazione rispetto al ruolo delle dimensioni familiari. I risultati suggeriscono l’importanza delle dimensioni culturali e sociali nella progettazione di interventi sui comportamenti a rischio.
Keywords: Pratiche familiari; ambiente sociale; modelli culturali; valutazione del rischio; comportamenti dannosi per la salute.

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Claudia Venuleo, Piergiorgio Mossi, Simone Rollo, Il contesto socio-culturale della valutazione del rischio. Un’esplorazione dell’interazione tra modelli culturali dell’ambiente sociale e controllo genitoriale sulla valutazione del rischio espressa da un campione di adolescenti in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 3/2019, pp. 28-53, DOI:10.3280/PDS2019-003003

   

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