The privatisation of adult social care in England: effects on the workforce

Autori/Curatori Bob Hudson
Anno di pubblicazione 2019 Fascicolo 2019/155 Lingua Inglese
Numero pagine 17 P. 120-136 Dimensione file 222 KB
DOI 10.3280/SL2019-155006
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più clicca qui

Qui sotto puoi vedere in anteprima la prima pagina di questo articolo.

Se questo articolo ti interessa, lo puoi acquistare (e scaricare in formato pdf) seguendo le facili indicazioni per acquistare il download credit. Acquista Download Credits per scaricare questo Articolo in formato PDF

Anteprima articolo

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA)associazione indipendente e non profit per facilitare (attraverso i servizi tecnologici implementati da l’accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche

The article focuses on adult social care (ASC) in the United Kingdom (UK). The sector has undergone a radical transformation over the past thirty years, changing from a public ownership model to a "quasi-market’ model in which private companies undertake the provision of most care and support. This paradigm policy shift preceded attempts to introduce similar ideas in other policy areas in the UK, so to this extent ASC can be regarded as a pilot for more general social policies that have come under the umbrella term of "neoliberal". The paper offers an overview on the mechanisms linked regulation and privatization which leaded to an increase in the exploitation of labour on the UK care sector. In the case of adult social care, the ways in which ethical issues have been relegated to the status of market transactions has significantly shaped the way services are provided and how the workforce is recruited, trained and rewarded.

Regno Unito (Regno Unito). Il settore ha subito una radicale trasformazione negli ultimi trent'anni, passando da un modello di proprietà pubblica a un modello di "quasi mercato" in cui le società private si impegnano a fornire la maggior parte dell'assistenza e del supporto. Questo cambiamento di paradigma politico ha preceduto i tentativi di introdurre idee simili in altri settori politici nel Regno Unito, quindi ASC può essere considerato un caso pilota nel più generale processo di ristrutturazione delle politiche sociali di stampo "neoliberale". Il saggio offre una panoramica dei meccanismi collegati alla regolamentazione e alla privatizzazione che hanno portato ad un aumento dello sfruttamento del lavoro nel settore dell'assistenza sociale nel Regno Unito. Nel caso dell'assistenza sociale degli adulti, i modi in cui le questioni etiche sono state relegate allo status delle transazioni di mercato hanno notevolmente influenzato il modo in cui i servizi sono forniti e il modo in cui la forza lavoro viene assunta, formata e ricompensata.

Keywords:Assistenza socio-assistenziale agli adulti, privatizzazione, ‘quasi mercati’, sfruttamento

  1. ADASS (2018), Autumn Budget: Representation by the Association of Directors of Adult Social Services. London.
  2. Allan T., Thomson S., Filsak L., Ellis C. (2014). Evaluation of the Care Certificate Pilot. London: Skills for Care.
  3. Alton A. (2016). The Living Wage: Facts and Figures. Edinburgh: Scottish Parliament.
  4. Benbow S. (2008). Failures in the System: our inability to learn from inquiries. Journal of Adult Protection, 10 (3): 5-13.
  5. British Academy (2018). Reforming Business for the 21st Century: A Framework for the Future of the Corporation. London.
  6. Burns D., Hyde P., Killett A. (2016). How financial cutbacks affect job quality and the care of the elderly. Industrial Labour Relations Review, 69 (4): 991-1016.
  7. Care Quality Commission (2017). State of Care, 2016/17. London.
  8. Cavendish Review (2013). An Independent Review into Healthcare Assistants and Support Workers in the NHS and Social Care Settings. London.
  9. Centre for Health and the Public Interest (2013). The future of the NHS? Lessons from the market in social care in England. London.
  10. Centre for Local Economic Strategies (2018). Restoring Public Values in Public Services. Manchester.
  11. Cohen G.A. (1988). History, Labour and Freedom: Themes from Marx. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  12. Competition and Markets Authority (2017). Care Homes Market Study, Final Report. London.
  13. Davies W. (2014). The Limits of Neoliberalism: Authority, Sovereignty and the Logic of Competition. London: Sage.
  14. Department of Health (2016). Care and Continuity: contingency planning for provider failure. London
  15. Eurofund (2017). Care Homes for Older Europeans: public, for-profit and non-profit providers. Brussels.
  16. European Commission (2017). Commission recommendation establishing the European Pillar of Social Rights. Brussels.
  17. Giddens A. (1998). The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  18. Grimshaw D., Rubery J., Ugarte S. (2015). Does Better Quality Contracting Improve Pay and Human Resource Practices?. Journal of Industrial Relations, 57(4): 502-525.
  19. Harvey D. (2007). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  20. Hood C. (1991). A Public Management for All Seasons?. Public Administration, 69: 3-19.
  21. House of Commons Communities and Local Government Committee (2017). Adult Social Care. London.
  22. House of Commons Public Accounts Committee (2015). Adult Social Care in England. London.
  23. Hudson B. (2016). The failure of privatised adult social care in England: what is to be done?. London: Centre for Health and the Public Interest.
  24. Institute for Public Policy Research (2018). Fair Care: A Workforce Strategy for Social Care. London.
  25. Johnson P. (2014). Sociology and the critique of Neoliberalism: Reflections on Peter Wagner and Axel Honneth. European Journal of Social Theory, 17(4): 516-533.
  26. Lukes S. (2005). Power: A Radical View. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  27. McBride J., Smith A. (2018). The Forgotten Workers Report, University of Durham.
  28. Means R., Richards S., Smith R. (2003). Community Care: Policy and Practice. London: Macmillan.
  29. Migration Advisory Committee (2018). EEA Migration in the UK: Final Report. London.
  30. National Audit Office (2018). The Adult Social Care Workforce in England. London.
  31. Palladino L. (2018). Public Benefit Incorporated. Boston Review, July 25th.
  32. Political Studies Association (2016). Towards a New Deal for Care and Carers: Report of the Commission on Care. London.
  33. Sandel M. (2012). What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. London: Allen Lane.
  34. Skills for Care (2016). Nationality of the Adult Social Care Workforce. London.
  35. Skills for Care (2018). Size of the Adult Social Care Sector and Workforce in England. London.
  36. Skills for Care (2018a). The State of the Adult Social Care Sector and Workforce in England. London.
  37. Skills for Care (2018b). Social Work Education. London.
  38. Social Enterprise (2016). Procuring for Good: how the Social Value Act is being used by local authorities. London.
  39. Tausig M., Fenwick R. (2011). Work and Mental Health in Social Context. Springer: London.
  40. Thoburn J. (2017). In Defence of a University Social Work Education. Journal of Children’s Services, 12(2/3): 97-106.
  41. UK Care Home Association (2016). An Overview of the Domiciliary Care Market in the United Kingdom. London.
  42. Unison (2017). Home Care Survey 2017. London.
  43. Unison (2017a). Unison’s Ethical Care Charter. London.
  44. Walker D., Tizard J. (2018). Out of Control. London: Smith Institute.
  45. Wells P. (2004). New Labour and Evidence Based Policy Making. Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research Sheffield Hallam University.
  46. Welsh Government (2018). Code of Practice: Ethical Employment in Supply Chains. Cardiff.
  47. Wistow G., Knapp M., Hardy B., Allen C. (1994). Social Care in a Mixed Economy. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  48. Wistow G., Knapp M., Hardy B., Forder J., Kendall J., Manning R. (1996). Social Care Markets: Progress and Prospects. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Bob Hudson, The privatisation of adult social care in England: effects on the workforce in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 155/2019, pp 120-136, DOI: 10.3280/SL2019-155006