The greenhouse cultivation system in European countries represents one of the most energy-intensive sectors in the agriculture and agro-industry sector. In this regard, renewable energies represent an innovative solution to reduce energy costs and environmental impacts. Both, the energy demands and the economic aspects are analyzed with regard to the main energy users, i.e.: heating and cooling systems, lighting and pumping for irrigation. This work considers the use of solar photovoltaic and thermal energy. The use of semi-closed greenhouses is also considered.
Keywords: Photovoltaic greenhouse, closed greenhouse system, energy efficiency, renewable energy, solar energy, sustainable agriculture.
Emanuela Sirica, Felicia Cavaleri, Carlo Greco, Angeliki Kavga, Orlando Santo, Rigoglioso Domenico, in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 2 Suppl./2019, pp. 143-160, DOI:10.3280/RISS2019-002-S1010