Homoparental families in Italy are only partially recognized by the legal system. Both medically assisted procreation and adoption are denied by law to same-sex couples, while Law no. 76/2016 did not recognize stepchild adoption. Nevertheless, courts and administrative bodies have progressively recognized internal legal effects of procreative projects carried out abroad in the name of the best interests of the child. In this contribution, authors focus, on the one hand, on judges’ and administrators’ legal culture and consciousness, by analyzing the rulings of jurisprudence, and, on the other hand, on same sex parents’ legal culture and consciousness. The contribution relies on some findings from a qualitative research investigating, through in-depth interviews, parenting practices adopted by ten couples of mothers and fathers.
Keywords: Homoparental families - Parental practices - Internal and external legal culture - Legal consciousness - Surrogacy - Stepchild adoption