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IPV and prematurity: What does literature say?
Titolo Rivista: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA 
Autori/Curatori: Chiara Ionio, Eleonora Mascheroni, Giulia Segre 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  22 P. 67-88 Dimensione file:  243 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2020-001006
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The aim of this review is to explore the association between the different aspects of IPV (physical, emotional, and sexual violence) and prematurity. Papers published between 1999 and 2019, written in English and focused on the association between partner violence during pregnancy and prematurity considering both gestational age and low birthweight as indicators, were included. Seventeen paper were included and analysed. Results pointed out that across different cultural contexts women subjected to different form of violence during pregnancy were more at risk to give birth to a premature baby with low birthweight. Since pregnancy provides an opportunity for violence assessment due to the frequent visits of the pregnant women it will be important to implement specific and shared assessment strategies and targeted interventions to prevent the adverse consequences of IPV on child’s health.

L’obiettivo di questa rassegna della letteratura è di esplorare il legame tra i diversi aspetti della IPV (violenza fisica, emotiva, e sessuale) e la nascita pretermine. Sono stati analizzati lavori pubblicati tra il 1999 e il 2019, scritti in lingua inglese e focalizzati sull’associazione tra violenza di genere in gravidanza e nascita pretermine, consideran-do come indicatori sia l’età gestazionale sia il peso alla nascita. Sono stati inclusi e ana-lizzati diciassette lavori. I risultati hanno messo in mostra com e all’interno dei diversi contesti culturali, le donne vittime di diverse forme di violenza durante la gravidanza erano più a rischio di dare alla luce un bambino pretermine con basso peso alla nascita. Poiché la gravidanza fornisce una opportunità di rilevazione della violenza grazie alle frequenti visite delle donne gravide, sarebbe importante implementare strategie di rile-vazione specifiche e condivise e strutturare interventi per prevenire le conseguenze ne-gative della IPV sulla salute del bambino.
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence; nascita pretermine; gravidanza; esiti perinatali.

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Chiara Ionio, Eleonora Mascheroni, Giulia Segre, IPV e nascita pretermine: cosa dice la letteratura?. in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 1/2020, pp. 67-88, DOI:10.3280/MAL2020-001006

   

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