Click here to download

Leopold Kohr theorist of economic decentralisation
Journal Title: HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT AND POLICY 
Author/s: Stefano Solari 
Year:  2020 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  15 Pg. 15-19 FullText PDF:  92 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SPE2020-001001
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The work of Leopold Kohr has attracted attention from social scientists in the field of international political studies, but few political economists have studied his theoretical argument in detail. Few students have tried to unite economic and polit-ical arguments to understand his contribution in a more analytical way. We will argue that Kohr’s principal theory (diseconomies of scale) was inherently econom-ic, an attempt to elaborate on the concept of scale in a broader perspective and in a more complex way, including the idea of quality and, in particular, power rela-tions. In this paper, we try to make sense of Kohr’s idea of decentralisation by studying his contributions from a political economy perspective. Moreover, con-clusions will be drawn that relate Kohr’s view to present-day governance problems in the European Monetary Union, in which actual governance reflects all dangers that this scholar feared.
Keywords: Diseconomies of scale; optimal jurisdictions; proportionality; density costs; living standards; balancing of powers; decentralisation
Jel Code: B31, O21, P48, P51

  1. Illich I. (1997, or. 1994). The wisdom of Leopold Kohr. Bulletin of Science, Tech-nology & Society, 17(4): 157-165.
  2. Alexander D. (1990). Bioregionalism: Science or sensibility?, Environmental Eth-ics, 12(2): 161-173.
  3. Body R. (1998). The Breakdown of Europe, London, New European Publications.
  4. Borrás-Alomar S., T. Christiansen and A. Rodríguez-Pose (1994). Towards a ‘Eu-rope of the Regions’? Visions and Reality from a Critical Perspective, Regional Politics and Policy, 4(2): 1-27.
  5. Coleman J. (1989). The Franco-German axis, European Business Review, 99(2).
  6. Coleman J. (2005). The new localism – a new, yet ancient, idea. European Busi-ness Review, 17(6).
  7. Dahl R. and E. R. Tufte (1973). Size and Democracy: The Politics of Smaller Eu-ropean Democracies, London, Oxford University Press.
  8. de Cecco M. (1996). L’Unione Monetaria Europea: insegnamenti dell’esperienza storica. Moneta e Credito, 49(193): 57-67.
  9. Falk R. (2010). Anarchism without ‘Anarchism’: Searching for Progressive Politics in the Early 21st Century. Millennium – Journal of International Studies, 39: 382-398.
  10. Gussen B. F. (2013). On the problem of scale: Hayek, Kohr, Jacobs and the rein-vention of the political state. Constitutional Political Economy, 24: 19-42.
  11. Harden S. (1985). Small Is Dangerous: Micro-States in a Macro World, London, Pinter.
  12. Helleiner E. (1996). International political economy and the greens. New Political Economy, 1(1): 59-77.
  13. Horn J. (2004). Asymmetric federalism: Are federated micro-regions viable?, Asia Europe Journal, 2(4): 573-587.
  14. Jackson W. (2002). The modern dilemma and the challenge to systems thinkers, Systems Research and Behavioural Science, 19: 399-405.
  15. Kapp K. W. (1963). Social Costs of Business Enterprise. Bombay, Asia Publishing House.
  16. Kindleberger C. P. (1983). On the rise and decline of nations, International Studies Quarterly, 27: 5-10.
  17. Kohr L. (1941). Disunion Now: A Plea for a Society based upon Small Autono-mous Units, Commonweal, September 26 (Republished in Telos, 91: 94-98).
  18. Kohr L. (1955). Toward a New Measurement of Living Standards, American Jour-nal of Economics and Sociology, 15(1): 93-104.
  19. Kohr L. (1957). The Breakdown of Nations. Routledge Keegan and Paul, reprinted in 2001 by Green Books, Totnes, Devon.
  20. Kohr L. (1958). The velocity theory of population, Land Economics, 34(2): 178-181.
  21. Kohr L. (1960). The History of the Common Market, Journal of Economic Histo-ry, 20: 441-454.
  22. Kohr L. (1962). The Overdeveloped Nations: The Diseconomies of Scale. New York, Schocken Books.
  23. Kohr L. (1965). To Join or Not to Join the Common Market: That’s Not the Ques-tion, American Economist, 9(2): 41-44.
  24. Kohr L. (1973). Development Without Aid: The Translucent Society. Llandybie, C. Davies.
  25. Kohr L. (1974). Property and freedom. In S. Blumenfeld (ed.). Property in a Hu-mane Economy. La Salle (Ill.), Open Court: 47-70 (-- downloadable at mis-es.org).
  26. Kohr L. (1976). The City of Man: The Duke of Buen Consejo. Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico University Press.
  27. Kohr L. (1992a). Leopold Kohr on the Desirable Scale of States. Population and Development Review, 18(4): 745-750.
  28. Kohr L. (1992b). Size Cycles. Fourth World Review, 54: 10-11.
  29. Krippendorff E. (2007). Against a politics of scale. Peace Review, 9(3): 321-327.
  30. Horn J. (2004). Asymmetric federalism: Are federated micro-regions viable?. Asia Europe Journal, 2: 573-587.
  31. Llobera J. R. (1993). The Role of the State and the Nation in Europe. In S. Garcia (ed.), European Identity and the Search for Legitimacy. New York, Pinter.
  32. Ludwig D. C. (1994). Size Versus Sustainability: Environmental, Social and Com-petitive Diseconomies of Scale, American Journal of Business, 9(2): 23-30.
  33. McRobie G. (1981). Small Is Possible. New York, Harper & Row.
  34. Palaver W. (1992). Leopold Kohr: Prophet of a Federal Europe?, Telos, 91: 87-93.
  35. Papworth J. (1995). Small Is Powerful, London, New European Publications.
  36. Robinson A. (ed.) (1960). The Economic Consequences of the Size of Nations. London, Macmillan.
  37. Scharpf F. W. (1988). The joint decision trap: Lessons from German federalism and European integration, Public Administration, 66(3): 239-278.
  38. Schumacher E. F. (1973). Small Is Beautiful: Economics as If People Mattered. London, Blond & Briggs.
  39. Ward C. (1992). The Anarchist Sociology of Federalism, Freedom, June-July.

Stefano Solari, in "HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT AND POLICY" 1/2020, pp. 15-19, DOI:10.3280/SPE2020-001001

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content