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Hate: five speculations and one provocation
Author/s: Pietro Barbetta 
Year:  2021 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  12 Pg. 47-58 FullText PDF:  138 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PSOB2021-001005
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In this essay I propose 5 variations of the theme "hate". In all its variations the common theme is that hate - as opposed to feelings like resentment, anger, envy, jealousy, rivalry - is not a feeling. Hate is rather a gesture, an action perpetrated in full awareness in response to the feelings mentioned above or other emotions. However, emotions are provisions to action that don’t determine the decision or resolution. Hate instead is a resolution. This distinction is getting blurred in psychology as the concept of well-being, whatever it means, is confused with awareness reducing the possibility of "healing" the psyche. The Holocaust, the Stalinist trials, and every type of totalitarianism, are, first of all, material projects of conscious purpose. Freud claimed: «awareness is not enough», and Gregory Bateson added: «awareness is harmful».
Keywords: Hate; feelings; deliberation.

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Pietro Barbetta, Hate: five speculations and one provocation in "PSICOBIETTIVO" 1/2021, pp. 47-58, DOI:10.3280/PSOB2021-001005


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