Scientific research has shown that substance addiction is a chronic relapsing disease with a multifactorial etiology, produced by the connection between biological, psychological and environmental factors. Cocaine is the second most commonly illicit drug used in Europe. Its consumption is now one of the most serious social problems and challenges to operators in various fields. Understanding how the different involved factors contribute to determine the vulnerability to the problematic use of cocaine is paramount for future prevention projects and treatments regarding this pathology. The integration of different therapies in this area does not only modify the global treatment effectiveness, but also opens new horizons of research regarding the pathology origin and the nature of the relationship that functionally links the biological, psychological and social aspects of addiction. Finally, some possible therapeutic approaches in the context of cocaine addiction are examined.
Keywords: Addiction, Cocaine, Pnei, Risk Factors, Integrative therapies, Multidisciplinary