Towards a marxian reading of the Italian agricultural landscape How to recover the Marxist reading of the Italian agrarian landscape proposed by Emilio Sereni (1961) within a critical theory of society and territory able to deal with the new powerful processes of extraction and dispossession (Mezzadra, 2019; Harvey, 2019) implemented by contemporary capitalism? A question that moves, on the one hand, from the increasingly widespread - and problematic for the author - reception of Sereni within the reformist tradition of human geography, on the other hand, from the need to identify a continuity between the results of his contribution and the new perspectives of Marxism and contemporary critical geography (Gough e Das, 2017). The reading proposed by the essay identifies the relevance of this work in Sereni’s use of the notion of "paesaggio agrario" (agrarian landscape) as a device for critically questioning, in a Marxist sense, the peculiar process of transition to capitalism that affected Italian countryside and the political economic discourse - that is also a landscape discourse - built around it by Italian agrarian reformism. By assuming this perspective, the essay brings out in Sereni’s work an unprecedented tension to investigate, through this category, specific dimensions of the processes of subjection and subjectivation produced by the emergence of capitalist relations of production.
Keywords: Italian agrarian landscape, Emilio Sereni, critical geography, primitive accumulation, Italian agrarian reformism