L’impatto psicologico della pandemia da Covid-19 sul periodo perinatale: una breve review dei primi dati della letteratura sul contesto italiano ed internazionale

Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE
Autori/Curatori: Stefania Cataudella, Nicola Congiu, Giulia Langiu
Anno di pubblicazione: 2022 Fascicolo: 1 Lingua: English
Numero pagine: 24 P. 15-38 Dimensione file: 306 KB
DOI: 10.3280/PDS2022-001003
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La pandemia da Covid-19 ha influenzato molti aspetti della vita, inclusa l’esperienza della nascita e la transizione alla maternità. È stata condotta una review narrativa con l’obiettivo di sintetizzare le prime evidenze sull’impatto psicologico della pandemia sul periodo perinatale, facendo luce, inoltre, sui dati emersi su scala nazionale rispetto ai Paesi, europei ed extraeuropei. La selezione degli studi è stata condotta attraverso le banche dati Scopus e Google Scholar. Sono stati inclusi 36 studi pubblicati da marzo a ottobre 2020 e che rispettavano i criteri di in-clusione ed esclusione stabiliti a priori. Aumento di stress, di sintomatologia ansiosa e depressiva sono risultati trasversali a tutti gli studi, concentrati prevalentemente nella fase prenatale. Il supporto di familiari, del partner, l’attaccamento materno sicuro ed una corretta informazione sono emersi come fattori protettivi. La fase perinatale della vita, quindi, si è caratterizzata come una fase di vulnerabilità che ha ricevuto poca attenzione nei suoi risvolti psicologici. È importante che i contesti di cura che ruotano intorno alla nascita tengano conto che situa-zioni di crisi, come quella attuale, possono acuire alcuni aspetti di vulnerabilità delle donne, sia da un punto di vista medico che psicologico, e avere conseguenze sul benessere della coppia madre-bambino.

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Stefania Cataudella, Nicola Congiu, Giulia Langiu, L’impatto psicologico della pandemia da Covid-19 sul periodo perinatale: una breve review dei primi dati della letteratura sul contesto italiano ed internazionale in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2022, pp 15-38, DOI: 10.3280/PDS2022-001003