Il corpo nella psicologia cognitiva

Titolo Rivista: PSICOTERAPIA PSICOANALITICA
Autori/Curatori: Francesco Ianì
Anno di pubblicazione: 2022 Fascicolo: 1 Lingua: Italiano
Numero pagine: 16 P. 157-172 Dimensione file: 233 KB
DOI: 10.3280/PSP2022-001012
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Per definizione, la psicologia cognitiva sembra occuparsi di tutto ciò che non ha a che fare con il corpo: processi cognitivi, rappresentazioni mentali, tracce mnestiche etc. Nel presente articolo, l’autore cerca di evidenziare come invece, al-meno nelle ultime due decadi, il corpo sia entrato prepotentemente al centro del dibattito di tutte quelle discipline che ruotano attorno alla scienza cognitiva. La nascita della cosiddetta Embodied Cognition (EC) ha rappresentato per certi aspetti una piccola rivoluzione che ha mutato in modo radicale, quanto meno all’interno di specifici domini, il modo di intendere la mente. Pur in un’ottica critica, l’autore mira ad evidenziare come uno dei più grandi meriti dell’EC consista nell’aver minato alle fondamenta alcuni assunti insiti nella psicologia cognitiva, quali la netta distinzione tra conoscenza procedurale e dichiarativa, tra percezione e azione, e quella più generale tra l’ambiente percepito e le strutture cognitive at-traverso il quale esso viene rappresentato. L’autore mira a evidenziare come l’EC abbia quindi permesso di evidenziare l’estrema flessibilità, epistemologica e operativa, delle funzioni cognitive e la loro dipendenza dall’azione e dal corpo, distin-guendosi così da diverse teorizzazioni precedenti in cui il primato del ruolo del lin-guaggio non era mai stato messo in discussione.

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Francesco Ianì, Il corpo nella psicologia cognitiva in "PSICOTERAPIA PSICOANALITICA" 1/2022, pp 157-172, DOI: 10.3280/PSP2022-001012