This intervention briefly rebuilds the relationship between trade unions and Second World War politics in Italy, distinguishing three different phases: an initial phase of a subsidiarity union compared to the hegemony of the political party, followed by a moment of strong discontinuity - the so called "Pan-unionism" - and a final phase characterised by "consultation". The author raises the question of the current phase in order to understand the reasons for an increasing political drive against all consultative logic. This opposition is associated with the deconstruction, in place at the moment, of political categories which are progressively replaced by a technocratic paradigm of a power matrix requiring exertion by a government leader, so obscuring the depth of any political project as well as the participation of a social democratic life. The union cannot adapt to this emptying of politics and can neither oppose it with a restorative strategy, however subordinate, but must promote a new social model from its "alterity" design and organisation.
Keywords: Trade Union, Politics, Government
Jel Code: Y40