In the essay, the Author deals with the issue of the reform of art. 2103 of the Civil Code - realized by the Jobs Act - in a comparative perspective and in the more general scenario of the transformations of the enterprises, analyzing the regulatory changes in the light of the existing profound differentiation of work in the various productive sectors. In this broad perspective, the norm of the Civil Code is analyzed through a modification of the current conceptual background. The Author tries to build new hermeneutical hypotheses, different from a more traditional exegetical approach, analyzing: how the relationship between legal sources and the role of the actors involved in regulation changes, how the judiciary function changes and, conclusively, how the legal framework of the institution in itself changes - i.e. the employment contract and its theoretical-conceptual basis.
Keywords: Employee’s duties and tasks; Ius variandi; Jobs Act; Functional flexibility; Pro-fessional status; Industry 4.0.