This study was aimed to investigate the victimization in bullying situations as related to different context dimensions. Two forms of victimization have been examined: the victimization as actual situation and to blame the victim, as a more subtle and less explicit form of victimization. These two forms of victimization have been explored as potentially related to variables of the objective context, i.e, the geographic area (Nuoro vs. Milano), and with regards to the peer-relationships and to the peer-group morality. Participants were 379 elementary and middle school students. The victimization was associated to the status among peers differently in the two geographic areas, whereas to blame the victim was associated, at the group level, to the geographic area, to the sense of community with regards to the school, and to the the rejection of school.
Keywords: Victimization, victim blame, context, peer-group.