Click here to download

L’uso di Internet e il benessere psicosociale in adolescenza: uno studio correlazionale
Author/s:  Daniela Caso 
Year:  2015 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  15 Pg. 141-155 FullText PDF:  123 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2015-002008
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Recent studies have shown several positive/beneficial aspects of young user’s usage of the Internet, including: increased opportunities for connection with relatives and friends, the decrease of loneliness through new ways of communication with their peers. Excessive use or even abuse of the Internet can, on the contrary, have negative effects on the psychosocial well-being and could result in addiction. This explorative study aims to detect the levels of use and/or abuse of the Internet, and the psychosocial functioning of individuals in terms of mental health and mental illness of teenagers from Campania. Differences by gender, age and duration of web surfing were also investigated. They (the teenagers) were given a self-report questionnaire with the aim of detecting the levels of psychological, emotional and social wellness; mental illness and Internet addiction due to its use and/or abuse. Four hundred fifty-four students have taken part to the research, with an average age of 15.83 years and an on-line time of about 5.30 hours per day. The results reveal that girls have higher levels of unease and addiction, as well as the younger ones who surf the Internet for several hours a day. Even though with the limitations of a correlational research, the results of this explorative study can provide useful starting points for the starting of interventions aimed to the prevention of Internet addiction and the promotion of psychosocial well-being during the adolescence.
Keywords: Adolescents, use and/or abuse of the Internet, psychosocial well-being, mental illness.

  1. Petrillo G., Capone V., Caso D. and Keyes C.L.M. (2014). The Mental Health Continuum–Short Form (MHC–SF) as a Measure of Well-Being in the Italian Context. Social Indicators Research., DOI: 10.1007/s11205-014-0629-3
  2. Petrillo G., Caso D. e Capone E (2014). Un’applicazione del Mental Health Continuum di Keyes al contesto italiano: benessere e malessere in giovani, adulti e anziani [The Mental Health Continuum by Keyes in Italian context: Mental Health and Mental Illness in the young, adults, and older people]. Psicologia della Salute, 2: 59-181., DOI: 10.3280/PDS2014-002010
  3. Petrillo G., Caso D. e Donizzetti A.R. (2011). Determinati psicologiche e contestuali del benessere sociale in adolescenza [Psychological and contextual determinants of social well-being in adolescence]. Rassegna di Psicologia, 2: 43-67., DOI: 10.7379/7055
  4. Piccinelli M., Bisoffi G., Bon M.G., Cunico L. and Tansella M. (1993). Validity and testretest reliability of the Italian version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire in general practice: A comparison between three scoring methods. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 34 (3): 198-205., DOI: 10.1016/0010-440x(93)90048-9
  5. Rideout V.J., Foehr U.G. and Roberts D.F. (2010). Generation M2: Media in the lives of 8-to 18-year-olds. Menlo Park, CA: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.
  6. Tonioni F., D’Alessandris L., Lai C., Martinelli D., Corvino S., Vasale M., Fanella F., Aceto P. and Bria P. (2011). Internet addiction: hours spent on-line, behaviors and psychologicalsymptoms. General Hospital Psychiatry 34: 80-87., DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2011.09.013
  7. Amichai-Hamburger Y., editor (2005). The social net: Human behavior in Cyberspace. New York: Oxford University Press. Amichai-Hamburger Y., editor (2009). Technology and Well-being. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  8. Amichai-Hamburger Y., editor (2013). The social net: Human behavior in Cyberspace. Second Updated version. New York: Oxford University Press.
  9. Amichai-Hamburger Y. and Hayat Z. (2011). The impact of the Internet on the social lives of users: A representative sample from 13 countries. Computers in Human Behavior. 27: 585-589., DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.10.009
  10. Baiocco R., Laghi F., Carotenuto M. e Del Meglio C. (2011). Amicizia on-line disimpegno o stimolazione? [On-line friendship: disengagement or simulation?]. Psicologia Clinica dello sviluppo, 2: 335-353., DOI: 10.1449/35338
  11. Biolcati R (2010). La vita on-line degli adolescenti: tra sperimentazione e rischio. [Adolescents’ on-line life between experimentation and risk]. Psicologia clinica dello sviluppo 2: 267-297., DOI: 10.1449/32688
  12. Bonetti L., Campbell M. A. and Gilmore L. (2010). The relationship of loneliness and social anxiety with children’s and adolescents’ on-line communication. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13: 279-285. DOI, DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2009.0215
  13. Young K. (1999). The research and controversy surrounding Internet addiction. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 2: 381-383., DOI: 10.1089/cpb.1999.2.381
  14. Valkenburg P.M. and Peter J. (2009). The effects of instant messaging on the quality of adolescents’ existing friendships: A longitudinal study. Journal of Communication, 59: 79-97., DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2008.01405.x
  15. Byun S., Ruffini C., Mills, J.E., Douglas A.C., Niang M., Stepchenkova S., Lee S.K., Loutfi J. Lee J.K. Atallah M. and Blanton M. (2009). Internet addiction: Metasynthesis of 1996–2006 quantitative research. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 12: 203-207., DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2008.0102
  16. Cicognani E. (2007). Promuovere il benessere a scuola: cornice teorica e metodologia di riferimento [Promoting well-being in school: theoretical framework and methodology of reference]. In: Promuovere benessere nelle scuole: esperienze e prassi a confronto, [Promoting well-being in schools: experiences and practices in comparison]. Roma, Carocci, pp. 99-103.
  17. D’Elia F. e Callea A. (2010). UADI: uno studio sulla dipendenza da Internet [UADI: a study on Internet addiction]. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology, 4: 107-116.
  18. Del Miglio C., Gamba A. and Cantelmi T. (2001). Costruzione e validazione preliminare di uno strumento (UADI) per la rilevazione delle variabili psicologiche e psicopatologiche correlate all’uso di Internet. [Construction and preliminary validation of an instrument (UADI) for the detection of psychological and psychopathological variables related to the use of the Internet]. Giornale Italiano di Psicopatologia, 7: 293-306.
  19. Di Lorenzo M., Lancini M., Suttora C. e Zanella T.E. (2013). La dipendenza da Internet in adolescenza tra normalità e psicopatologia: uno studio italiano [Internet addiction in teens between normality and psychopathology: an Italian study]. Psichiatria e Psicoterapia, 32 (2): 101-134.
  20. Gnisci A., Perugini M., Pedone R. and Di Conza A., (2011). Construct validation of the Use, Abuse and Dependence on the Internet inventory. Computers in Human Behavior, 27: 240-247., DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.08.002
  21. Goldberg D.P. (1992). General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Windsor, UK: NFER-Nelson.
  22. Gross EF (2004). Adolescent Internet use: What we expect, what teens report. Applied Developmental Psychology, 25: 633-649., DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2004.09.005
  23. Junghyun K. and Jong-Eun R.L. (2011). The Facebook Paths to Happiness: Effects of the Number of Facebook Friends and Self-Presentation on Subjective Well-Being. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14 (6): 259-266., DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2010.0374
  24. Keyes C.L.M. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73: 539-548., DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.539
  25. Keyes C.L.M. (2007). Promoting and protecting mental health as flourishing: A complementary strategy for improving national mental health. American Psychologist, 62: 95-108., DOI: 10.1037/0003-066x.62.2.95
  26. Laghi F., Schneider B.H., Vitoroulis I., Coplan R.J., Baiocco R., Amichai-Hamburger Y., Hudek N., Koszycki D., Miller S. and Flament M. (2013). Knowing when not to use the Internet: Shyness and adolescents’ on-line and off-line interactions with friends. Computers in Human Behavior, 29: 51-57., DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.07.015
  27. Lavanco G., Varverini L. e Messina C. (2014). Mobile addiction e prevenzione attraverso il gruppo dei pari [Mobile addiction and prevention through peer group]. Psicologia di Comunità, 1: 59-70., DOI: 10.3280/PSC2014-001005
  28. Leung L. and Wei R. (2000). More than just Talk on the move: Uses and gratifications on the cellular phones. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 77: 308-320., DOI: 10.1177/107769900007700206
  29. Mathews R. (2004). The psychosocial aspects of mobile phone use among adolescents. InPsych, 26 (6): 16-19.
  30. Milani L., Osualdella D. and Di Blasio P. (2009). Quality of interpersonal relationshipsand problematic Internet use in adolescence. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 12: 681-684., DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2009.0071

Daniela Caso, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2015, pp. 141-155, DOI:10.3280/PDS2015-002008


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content