The link between the regulations for the closing of Judicial Psychiatric Hospitals, on the one hand, and the Law for Psychiatric reform in Italy (Law no. 180 of 1978) and the impact on the current identity of psychiatry and the organization of Community Mental Health system, on the other, is examined. A critical picture, with clear limitations of scientific, organizational and managerial instruments at hand, emerges. There are problems also within the judicial realm, where both the actual value of the instrument of expert witnesses and the psychiatrist’s ability to predict and handle people’s behaviors and their dangerousness seem fragile.
Keywords: Judicial Psychiatric Hospitals, forensic expert witnesses, Community Mental Health Centers, prediction, social dangerousness