The matrix of control. The system of mobility in Israel/Palestine - The paper analyses the system of road mobility in Israel/Palestine, with particular reference to the case of bypass roads in the West Bank (roads built in the occupied territories to bypass Arab villages, subject to various limitations on use by Palestinians) and to that of the Trans-Israel Highway in Israel (the main motorway in Israel which crosses the country from North to South). The thesis propounded is that this system represents a fundamental part of the ‘matrix of control’, i.e. that set of mechanisms by which Israel exercises iron military control over the West Bank, while at the same time making the occupation appear to outsiders as a relatively harmless, bureaucratic and administrative phenomenon. This is further evidence to show that planning is far from being a neutral technical discipline, but is always open to politically oriented use.