The United States is the only country where a strong nationalism coexists with a deep distrust of the national capital. American political culture was anti-Washington D.C. even before it existed, as shown by the caricature of anti-federalist arguments written by Alexander Hamilton in Federalist n. 67. Fabrizio Tonello’s essay traces the origins of this attitude to the Republican, or Neo-roman, ideology in XVII-century Great Britain, which was the core of Founding Fathers’ political formation and analyzed the growth of Federal Government during the last two centuries. This growth has fueled popular sentiment against the Capital, which now seems a permanent feature of American political culture. It is a strong political resource, tapped by different leaders, including sitting Presidents and lunatic right-wing fringes as well.