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Il piano generale di ricostruzione di Mosca del 1935 e la trasformazione del centro storico
Titolo Rivista: STORIA URBANA  
Autori/Curatori: Elisabeth Essaian 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2002 Fascicolo: 101 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  0 Dimensione file:  881 KB

The 1935 General reconstruction plan for Moscow is a significant episode in 20th century urban planning and, in particular, of Stalinist urban development. The Plan, due to the importance of the transformations to the urban layout and impact on further evolution of the city, may be considered as the first true Moscow reconstruction project. Due to the radical nature of the planned and partially actuated interventions, such a project was often compared with that designed by Haussmann in 19th-century Paris. This paper focuses on the «socialist reconstruction» of Gor’kij Street (Tverskaja), one of the main communications axes of the Soviet capital. Through a comparative analysis of various plans from various epochs, it is demonstrated that the actuation of the General reconstruction plan for Moscow was much less destructive of the urban fiber of the city than the plan had originally led people to believe it would be. In this case, existing buildings were implemented by the plan and public space gained the appearance of a successful, functional architectural and urban composition. In fact, even if only 5% of the buildings involved in the alignment or demolition plans were effectively demolished, the rubble was totally salvaged and reused in the construction of new housing.


Elisabeth Essaian, in "STORIA URBANA " 101/2002, pp. , DOI:

   

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