The strong centralism which characterized the Fascist period didn’’t prevent conflicts between the local administrative bodies and the central public authority from occurring. In Bologna the dispute concerned waterworks in particular. In certain situations it was possible to reach a compromise. However, when local interests were affected by the big new works of the regime, conflict became unavoidable. The construction of the railway line Direttissima between Bologna and Florence damaged waterworks sources, reducing water supply. In spite of this, the government believed these works to be essential as propaganda and decided to complete them. Therefore the city, which was ruled by a podestà appointed by the government, had to accept this situation. Yet it did express its dissent by refusing to agree to the mediation proposal put forward by the government. Without putting up an open opposition, which would not have been permitted, a form of passive resistance was shown. Passive, nonetheless tenacious.