Bioregionalism is a model of social organization based on the feeling of belonging to a place. It can be read from two different perspectives; in the one examined in this paper, individual activities are strongly dependent on environment and natural cycles, and the economy of the community aims to reach a complete social and environmental sustainability. In the text, after presenting the ways to identify bioregions and confronting the ideological and the pragmatic approach to bioregionalism, individual motivations as well as social and political principles on which is based the community organization are pointed up. These last aspects will be discussed referring on social life and economical relations
among members of a specific bioregional community.