Policies For Social Integration and Inclusion in Political Life Favouring Non-EU Foreigners in Brescia (by Claudia Rosso) - ABSTRACT: This article analyses the steps taken by the Brescia municipal council in favour of immigrants from outside the European Union, focusing attention in particular on actions implemented to promote their social integration and inclusion in political life in the municipal community. The study sets out to extrapolate the model of inclusion devised and implemented by the local government in general, by checking whether the city council has actually acted in such a way as to guarantee that the foreigners in question enjoy citizenship rights as a whole or just in part (with regard to the social or political component), and whether it has safeguarded those rights’ usability on a par with the conditions enjoyed by native citizens. Building on its analysis of public policies in favour of immigrants, the research then set out to collect opinions from the individuals directly concerned with these policies, through the associations they have organised in the city. The results of this survey were then used to compile a quantitative and qualitative map of perceived expectations vis-à-vis the host community, focusing on strong points and the more important weaknesses. By analysing both secondary sources (circulars, plans and completed projects) and primary sources (a semi-structured questionnaire and more extensive interviews), the survey highlights the processes both of inclusion and of partial exclusion promoted by the local government, before finally pinpointing the most critical areas that still act as barriers to achieving a model of substantial integration of foreigners aiming at the recognition of their rights of citizenship as a whole.
Claudia Rosso, in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL DIRITTO " 1/2008, pp. 153-179, DOI: