Il ruolo della pratica e delle istruzioni nei training di memoria per anziani
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA
Autori/Curatori: Elena Cavallini, Sara Bottiroli, John Dunlosky, Christopher Hertzog, Tomaso Vecchi
Anno di pubblicazione: 2008 Fascicolo: 1-2 Lingua: Italiano
Numero pagine: 12
Dimensione file: 265 KB
Il ruolo della pratica e delle istruzioni nei training di memoria per anzianiThe present study analyzes the effectiveness of memory training in elderly people. The validity of the training is measured by evaluating the capacity to generalize the strategies to new material. Indeed, the transfer of the strategies on new tasks represents one of the main problems of memory interventions in aging. For this reason, two groups of elderly participants (younger vs. older elderly people) have been trained to apply two memory strategies (i.e., interactive images and sentence generation) to two memory tasks: paired associates and free recall of words. Moreover, instructions on how to apply the strategies to other material have been provided. Data show that both age groups took advantage from the training. The efficacy of the training is confirmed by the generalization effect that is equally present in all participants. Significantly, it seems that the capacity to learn how to use the strategies without practice is maintained in older adults as well.
Elena Cavallini, Sara Bottiroli, John Dunlosky, Christopher Hertzog, Tomaso Vecchi, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 1-2/2008, pp. 155-166, DOI: