Towards a Sociology of Enforced Migrations - As a consequence of the implementation of Italian Law N° 189/2002, known as the Bossi-Fini Act, and of its administrative regulations issued in April 2005, many aspects of the previous system governing immigration were changed. The first of these is the committee now responsible for determining the status of a refugee. In the past, there was only one such committee in Rome, while there are now seven of them. Another important factor of change is the preventive detention of asylum seekers in special centres for the identification of migrants. The principal aim of the article is to observe and describe the transformations taking place, as seen through the eyes of several different opinion leaders and policy makers (exponents of public administration, International Organizations, NGOs, Christian associations), as well as through interviews with asylum seekers and discussion of their living conditions in the camps. Sociological observations were conducted in three camps: two in Puglia (Foggia and Bari) and one in Calabria (Crotone). The results of the investigations are interpreted in theoretical structures that inform global change. As S. Castles has pointed out, the study of forced migration is linked to research of economic migration, but needs to be analysed by its own specific research topics, methodological problems and conceptual issues. So the main aim is to interpret change in Italy as a piece in a global mosaic.
Sonia Masiello, in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL DIRITTO " 2/2008, pp. 131-154, DOI: